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Full text of "Leaves from a diary written while serving in Co. E, 44 Mass., Dep't of No. Carolina, from September 1862 to June 1863"

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Boston, April, 1878. 
Comrades of "E." 

If you find this little history does not treat of our experiences, in as full a 
manner as you might expect, please remember that at the time it was written, I 
had little thought of ever arranging it for publication. 

Though the desire to write was strong, the flesh was very weak, many times, 
especially after a twenty-four hour guard, with a subsequent four to five hours' 
police duty ; or while on a tramp through those sandy roads of North Carolina. 

I am afraid, the disinclination of a boy at 19 to apply his ideas to a work of 
this kind, when he was tired and hungry, mastered many of the Company, who 
now wish they had carried a memorandum book, and used it. 

Our service, as you are aware, was tame beside that of some others. But 
was that our fault ? I think it is not too much to say that we never refused to do 
our duty, and if we had no opportunity it was no fault, but perhaps our misfortune, 
that we were not assigned to a department where we might have been used up 
in a month or two. 

We enlisted in those " Dark days of '62," at the call of President Lincoln, 
for nine months' troops. No promises were held out to us that we would not be 
put to as severe tests of courage, or have a chance to achieve as great deeds of 
heroism, as any who had preceded us. I doubt if there was one who asked or 
thought of where he was going, as he signed the roll at Mercantile Ilall. 

We soon learned, to our sorrow, that a bullet could maim and kill, as well at 
Rawle's Mills, as at Antietam, as well in a short, as a long campaign. 

Afterwards, as our Roster shows, many returned to the service, who did honor, 
\not only to themselves, but to the school from which they graduated. 


Late of Co. E, 44th Mass. Vols. 







On the evening of August 7th, 1862, the 4th Battalion Infantry (New 
England Guard) held a meeting at their Armory, Boylston Hall, Boston, Major 
Francis L. Lee presiding. It was resolved unanimously to respond to the order 
of Gen. Davis, and to accept the offer of Gov. Andrew for the battalion to recruit 
to a regiment. At the call for members to sign the new roll, there was a general 
rush, each being anxious to get his name on the list first ; between two and three 
liundred men enlisted. On the same day the battalion paraded the city, with 
Flagg's band. This battalion was the nucleus of our regiment, our company 
being raised by Mr. Spencer W. Richardson, under the auspices of the Mercantile 
Library Association, of Boston (of which organization he was a prominent mem- 
ber), with the assistance of Messrs. James S. Newell and James S. Cumston. 
Our head-quarters being in the large hall of the Association on Summer Street. 

August 11. — Mr. Richardson reported at a meeting held by the Association, 
that he had obtained fifty-six excellent recruits since Thursday, all of them 
as good men as are employed in the principal business streets of the city. Six 
more joined at this meeting. A resolution was adopted to make all recruits of 
this company members of the Association. Speeches were made by lion. A. H. 
Rice, Ex-Gov. Washburne, Lt. AV. E, Richardson, of the 3:3d M. V., and others. 

August li. — The Mercantile Hall Company was reported as having fifteen 
more men than the number required. The recruits were all young and able- 
bodied, great care being taken to enlist such men only, as it was thought, would 
pass the surgical examination. 

August 20. — Our company held a meeting yesterdaj-, and chose the following 
as officers : Captain, Spencer W. Richardson ; First Lieutenant, James S. Newell; 
Second Lieutenant, James S. Cumston. 


August 29. — A busy day for Co. E ; we have been ordered to camp. Each 
man was told to carry rations enough for two meals. We formed company for the 
first time, out of doors, on the Boylston Street j\Iall ; marched to the Boston and 
Providence Depot, and after hand-shaking with our friends, went aboard the cars, 
arriving at Readville, ten miles out, at four o'clock ; and here the troubles and 

tribulations of many a fine young man began. We found that either the regiment 
had come too soon or the carpenters had been lazy, for only three of the ten bar- 
racks were roofed, and some were not even boarded in, so while the carpenters 
went at work outside, we went at it inside, putting up and fixing the bunks. 

About sunset, we saw a load of straw on the way to our barracks ; at first we 
supposed it was for bedding for horses, but we were green. It was to take the 
place of hair mattresses. Could it be! that Uncle Samuel proposed that we 
should sleep in the straw ? (I remember when a youngster, of going to Brighton, 
to see the soldiers just home from the Mexican war, they had straw in their 
tents to sleep on. I little thought then, that I should be jumping upon the 
wheels of a wagon, tugging for straw enough for a bed, but such was the fact,) 
straw was used, but for a very little while by most of us. 

After our first supper (and a gay picnic one it was) in this wilderness, we sang 
songs, told stories, formed new, and found old acquaintances, until after eight 
o'clock. Then for the first time in camp, we heard " Fall in Co. E ;" the roll was 
called, and it was found that of the one hundred and twenty-five names niuty-nine 
had reported. Our captain made a little speech, to which of course we did not 
reply ; and then for bed. We had (that is the quiet ones) made up our minds for 
a good night's rest, so as to be all right for the arduous duties of the morrow. 
There were some however, who thought noise and confusion the first law of a 
soldier. It was late, and not until after several visits from the officers that the 
boys decided to quiet down. 

August 30. — Our first morning in camp. We were rudely awakened and 
dragged from our bunks at six o'clock, very few being used to such early hours, 
except perhaps on 4th of July, and were expected to be on the parade ground 
before our eyes were fairly open. 

My advice is if you ever enlist again, start with buckle or congress boots, or 
none at all, don't wear laced ones. Why ? Thereby hangs a tale. One man who 
wore laced boots was late, consequently had to fall in at the foot of the column. 
In a minute or two, around came the adjutant and some other officer, who wanted 
a man for guard. The man who was late at roll-call, was detailed of course. He 
went without a word ; was posted on the edge of a pond ; his orders being — " Keep 
this water from being defiled, allow no privates to bathe here, let only the officers 
bathe and the cooks draw water to cook icith." The orders were fulfilled, but the 
poor guard was forgotten, and paced up and mostly down (as it was a pleasant 
grassy sward,) till eleven o'clock. That was his first experience of guard duty, 
and he always owed a grudge to the sergeant of that guard and his laced boots. 

Meanwhile, the company, left standing in the street, with their towels, combs, 
&c., proceeded to the water, where the pride of many a family got down on his 
knees, and went through the farce of a toilet, and then back to breakfast. 

To-day we have been busy cleaning up and getting ready for our friends from 
home. It has been as novel a day as last night was new, it is a great change, but 
we will conquer this, and probably worse. 

Our friends began to arrive about three o'clock, and by supper-time the barracts 
were well filled, many remaining to supper ; so shawls and blankets were spread 
upon the ground, and we gave them a sample of our food. The coffee was good 
but so hot, and having no saucer with which to cool the beverage, we had to leave 
it till the last course. Our plates were plated with tin, but very shallow, and as 
bean soup was our principal course we had some little trouble in engineering it 
from the cook's quarters to our tables. We must not forget the bread, it was 
made by the State, and by the looks, had been owned by the State since the 
Mexican war. We had never seen the like, and begged to be excused from 
enduring much of it at a time. (We afterwards found no occasion to grumble at our 
food, for as you may remember, we were looked after well during our whole service. 
We had as good rations as any one could wish, but here, within ten miles of home, 
we felt that this was rough on (he boys.) 

For a week, little was done but feed and drill us, to toughen us for the dim 
future, and the furloughs were granted very freely. We were soon astonished to 
find that we had for a surgeon, a man who meant business. Among other things, 
he thought government clothes were all that we needed, so spring and fall overcoats 
and fancy dry goods had to be bundled up and sent home. All our good things 
were cleaned out, everything was contraband excepting what the government 
allowed. We had always thought it a free country, but this broke in on our 
individual ideas of personal freedom, and we began to think we were fast losing all 
trace of civil rights, and becoming soldiers pure and simple. Nothing could be 
brought into camp by our friends unless we could eat it before the next morning : 
but goodies would come, and as we had to eat them, of course we were sick. 

September 5. — We have had several dress parades, in which we made a 
creditable appearance, considering the fact that no arms had been issued. On 
presenting the battalion to the commanding oflScer instead of the command 
" Present Arms," as we had none to present, the order was " Salute," which we 
executed as only recruits can. 

We have had rumors, not of war, but Muster in ; in the meantime the boys 
are generally up to something or other, to relieve the monotony of " Left," 
"Left," "Left," from day to day. Some companies have attached flag-staffs to 
the fronts of the barracks, and our captain not wishing to be behind any others, 
ordered a detail to proceed to some man's wood-lot and cut a suitable stick." We 
started with hatchets, tramping towards the Blue Hills, and finally secured a fine 
tall tree, which we cut, trimmed, and shouldered to camp, and putting it in 
position found it to be tallest in the line. 

Geo. Russell kindly furnished us with a large flag and then *' E " was high 
line. There is much emulation among the companies to be the one to lower the flag 
first, at sunset ; Russell attached about two pounds of lead to the hallyards, close 
to the flag, thoroughly greased the pulley, and then all it needed was one strong 
pull, and a pull altogether, and down comes the flag ; the quickest of any although 
our pole is much the tallest. 


September 10. — Our barracks look finely now, and we are getting much 
more accustomed to soldiers' life. We have had continuous drilling, our officers 
taking turns drilling us, but here is where the difference comes in between officers 
and men ; they take turns tramping us up and down that old field, while we take 
turns every time. It is hardly six of one and half-dozen of the other. 

September 12. — One of the days to be remembered, having had a deeper 
experience of life than ever before. Early in the day orders came to put on our 
best rig, and get ready to be sworn in, as a mustering officer was coming to camp 
to perform that (to Uncle Sam) very important duty. Our company was drawn 
up facing the head-quarters for a long time. The boys being in a fever of 
excitement as to how the operation would work, whether it would hurt much, or 
whether the home-folks would know us ever afterward. It turned out about as 
easy as the measles ; some itching for a while, but soon over. The officer. 
Captain N. B. McLaughlin, of the Regular Army, walked up and down each 
rank as we stood in open order ; looking at each man ; picking out one or two 
and punching them a little, probably to scare them as much as possible ; 
intending to pass them all. Then, coming in front of us while our hats were off 
and right hands raised, repeated the oath of service, and we were finally soldiers 
of the Volunteer Army. We felt that we were taller men by at least ten inches, 
and it is possible if Sergeant Thayer had measured the company then and there it 
would have been one of the tallest. But it was still "Left," "Left," "Left," 
again, and we soon found our level. 

We are a social party ; hardly a day but brings crowds from the city. Our 
company has its share. One afternoon quite a party of young ladies were with 
us trying to keep up our spirits. They were to stay awhile in the evening, going 
home by the late train, so we thought we would get up a little dance, but half- 
past eight o'clock came all to quickly, they had to go ; and then the question arose 
how were we to see them to the cars. Try our best we could only spare one man. 
That lucky individual, whoever he was, will remember the incident. As this 
was probably the young ladies' last visit before our start for the South, we 
demanded and received our last good-bye kisses, but when they saw the same boys 
falling in the second time, and some of them strangers, they scattered like a drove 
of sheep over the fences and far away to the station. I think that was the last 
effort the company made (as an orgaization) to kiss them all a good-bye. 

September 14. — Our guns are on the field somewhere, they are Eufieldrifles, 
and report says they are good ones; they have been distributed to the guard, but 
it is said owing to the lack of racks in our barracks it will be several days 
before we get them. It is reported that our arms are a lot captured from a blockade 
runner, and intended for the rebels. We don't care much where they come from 
or for whom they were intended, if they are made so they won't kill at both ends. 

September 16. — To-day, for a change, wehad permission to drill outside the 
lines, and Orderly White, at the earnest solicitation of some of us, took the com- 
pany to Dedham on a double quick, Dedham is about four miles from camp, and 
after the first hill, close to the old house where we used to run guard and get pies and 




cakes, it is a very level and easy run ; we never stopped the steady jog till we 
reached the Phrenix House. Only one man fell out ; but nothing but pride kept 
many of us in the line. It was the first attempt at such work, and came like 
drawing teeth. The orderly was level-headed enough not to let us drink anything 
for sometime, but after we had rested about fifteen minutes and cooled off, he 
obtained some lemonade, which was excellent. 

We then formed line and started back to camp, returning by a different road, 
arriving there about four o'clock p.m., and then the orderly thought of the 
battalion drill, ordered at half-past three. As we looked down on the camp from 
the old railroad track, back of the barracks, we could see the regiment in Hne, and 
the grounds crowded with our friends. We had no conversation with the colonel 
on this subject, but soon found out he was mad, for we were put in the street next 
our barracks, and guards placed at each end, not even being allowed to go into the 
barrack to wash up, and our friends were denied us. We stood there in disgrace 
till dress parade. We were very much afraid the whole company would be dis- 
charged the service. There were some rumors of breaking the orderly, but they 
did not do so. We did not run away much after th;it. • • 

September 20. — We have had another pleasure curtailed. It has been the 
practice for the boys to go to the pond by the railroad, and dive off the bank which 
slopes here very abruptly, enjoying the swimming very much, but some of the 
soldiers must be very sensitive (as no one else lives within shooting distance of the 
pond), and orders have come from head-quarters to stop all bathing. This order 
must have come from higher authority than our regiment, and we are 
obliged to go up the track ahalf mile or so, where we had.considerablefun, oneday 
in particular ; the place was the scene of much sport. While a squad under Corporal 
Cartwright were bathing, the question arose, whether we could throw any one across 
the creek. Cartwright volunteered to be the subject, and having partly dressed, 
was thrown head first ; of course he did no go half way across, and had the 
pleasure of going to camp wet. 

Some of the members of the Mercantile Library Association, friends of Capt. 
Richardson, have presented him with a fine sword, sash, &c. 

The guard have mysteriously lost some of their rifles, we cannot imagine 
where, but suppose the officers know If any of " E " have suffered, they do not 
tell any " tales out of school." 

September 24. — Our rifles have been delivered, and to-day we were in line 
two hours or more on the main street of the camp, ready to receive, with military 
honors. Col. Stevenson, of the 24th Regiment, but he did not come. The boys 
say he purposely delayed his visit, so as to avoid that ceremony. Many of our 
company drilled under him in the battalion and liked him very much. 

AVe are mad with the Sutler. We think he charges too much for things which our 
friends would gladly bring us, so, many will not trade with him, and many things 
are still smuggled through the lines. If we could only get up our spunk to clean him 
out. Some one with malicious intent and forethought, did break into his domicile 


and start things, but were frightened, or, probably belonging to some other regi- 
ment, did not know how our account stood. 

September 27. — On Thursday last, we performed our first public duty, 
after drilling in the loadings and firings, in which we excelled, after firing 
"higher" several times. Six companies, of which "E" was one, under com- 
mand of Lieut. -Col. Cabot, started for Jamaica Plain, by the Providence Eailroad, 
to attend the funeral of Lieut. -Col. Dwight, of the 2nd Mass Vols., who died 
of wounds on the 13th of September. We performed escort duty to the grave 
where we fired three very creditable volleys, considering our practice. When we 
arrived at camp that afternoon " E" was decidedly cross, and we well remember 
the sight, as we marched to our quarters, we could not imagine what could be 
the matter, great piles of what looked to us like rubbish in front and rear of the 
barracks, proved to be our all. In fact every blessed thing but our government 
clothes and blankets were to go by the board. All the extra comforts, the 
fancy signs on our bunks, even Miller lost his chicken, and accused one of the 
innocents, who was left at the camp to help to clean up, with taking it. The 
unfortunate man will be known always as Chicken Hayes among the few evil- 
minded men of the company, who really think Hayes fraudulently reached for that 
chicken. We were a sorry set, but wondered if the despoliation was as thorough 
in the officers' tents. We never found out, for we visited there very seldom, and 
were there only upon business of more importance. It was called a sanitary 
improvement to rob us of all these little things. The boys did not cater for such 
improvements at all. 

October 2. — We have had two practice-marches lately, one a long one, in 
Milton Hill direction, where we found plenty of dust, but were assured we were 
making muscle ; and the last to Dedham Village, were we were very pleasantly 
received by the people, especially the Indies. Those of us who could, cleared out 
and introduced ourselves (temporarily) among the first families, and were feasted 
right royally. We had hardly arrived at camp again from this expedition, the 
object of which we accomplished, when we were startled with rumors that our 
regiment was ordered off. Some said to the Potomac, some to New Orleans, and 
others to North Carolina. The general idea seems to be that no one knows much 
about it, and one young lady was heard to say, " Well, I am going to New York 
Tuesday, to be gone three months, and I don't believe, but that the boys will be in 
lleadville when I come back ; any way, I won't say good-bye for good." If we 
go to New Berne, it is expected and hoped by the 4th Battalion men that they will 
be brigaded with Col. Stevenson, giving him a star. There has been quite a 
discussion about our knapsacks. The boys don't want the army style, but if the 
other companies have it, we probably will have to put up with it, many would care 
nothing for any kind, and probably whichever we have, some will throw them 
away. There is talk that all the companies will have " Shorts." 

Wm. Cumston, Esq., father of our second lieutenant, has presented the boys 
with five hundred dollars, as a fund to use in case of sickness, to buy fresh food 
with. It is a noble present, and the boys fully appreciate it. 


October 17. — We have had another march, this time about ten miles, 
through Dedham and towards Boston ; the nearest we came to the city was West 
Roxbury. Probably we will not see much more of Boston, for the rumors are 
getting thicker and more substantial ; but on this march, the boys who went, saw 
enough to make them wish to keep on to the city. 

Our company is under great obligations to the following Boston gentlemen 
for the sum of three hundred dollars, with which to buy the patent knapsack: — 
J. M. Beebe & Co., F. Skinner & Co., Alex. Beal, C. W. Cartwright, W. P- 
Sargent, Read, Gardner & Co., Wilkinson, Stetson & Co., Horatio Harris, J. R. 
Tibbets, E. & F. King & Co., G. Rogers, and J. C. Converse & Co.; and it is 
understood measures are being taken to furnish the other companies, so we will 
be equipped alike. The oidy trouble being can they be finished in time. This 
week which looks like the last one to be passed here, has been dismal enough, it 
has rained a good part of tiie time, and to crown all, we canH smoke in the barracks. 
Corporals or no corporals, it is hard work to keep us down. We had a fair time, 
and many a smoke under cover. 

Some one has seen a box of one of the staff officers, marked New Berne, so 
unless it was a blind, that is our destination, the boys don't care much where, but 
only to get started. The last few days have finished the buisiness ; it is muddy, 
damp, and growing colder gradually, and we want to get away. Our last fur- 
loughs are gone, and the sooner we go the better. 

October 20. — AVe had orders to start Wednesday morning for Boston, to 
embark on a transport for New Berne, North Carolina. A very few men were 
let off once more, but only for a few hours. Worse than none at all, but eagerly 
sought for by all. Notwithstanding the strict orders relative to extras in our 
barracks all had many things to send home, and the express companies had plenty 
to do till the very last. Tuesday night came finally, and after about eight weeks' 
camp life, which had been novel to most of us, we were to start early in the 
morning for something new to the whole. We made a late evening, having a gay 
and noisy time, excepting a few of us, who were on guard; we had the excitement 
without the means of allaying or counteracting it, but paced our beats thinking 
of all the trouble and tribulation which might be in store for us. 

October 22. — We broke camp bright and early, about six o'clock, had our 
last bath at the pond, and breakfast at the old barracks, which had been our home 
so long, and then commenced the packing of our knapsacks and haversacks, till 
about eight o'clock, when we fell in with the rest of the regiment, and about nine 
o'clock marched to the station. After a fine salute from the 45th, who were drawn 
up on the hill at the right of the railroad track, we started for Boston. We 
marched to the Common, where we found our friends once more. We stayed 
here about an hour, talking the last talk for many along week, then fell into line, 
and escorted by the New England Guard Reserve and other organizations, we 
took our way up Beacon Street, down Tremont, Court, State, and Commercial, 
to Battery Wharf to the steamer "Merrimac." Here we had a rest, and we 
needed it, our knapsacks were full, and the tramp was hard on us. Many of our 


friends smuggled themselves through the line at the head of the Wharf, and we 
held our last reception once more. Our guns were taken from us here, and finally 
we were packed away too, in the lower hold ; no light, and about the same 
quantity of air. We left the Wharf about six o'clock, the cheers of our friends 
following us far out into the stream. 

Our reception while passing through the city was a fine one, the streets were 
crowded, especially State Street, and we were cheered from one end of it to the 
other. We leave plenty of friends, as the following clipped from the Transcript 
will show : 

The city has been thronged by strangers to-day to witness the arrival in the 
city of the three Mass. Regiments, and their embarkation on board the steamers 
which are to convey them to New Berne. 

The " Forty Fourth," which has been encamped at Readville, absorbed the 
chief interest of the citizens of Boston. This regiment is the child of the New 
England Guard, and from its appearance, will worthily maintain its hereditary 
honor. It is the second regiment recruited by prominent members of the Guards, 
and is largely composed of young men who will be sadly missed here. 

The hold the Forty-fourth has upon the sympathies and affections of our 
community has been shown to-day by the large turn-out to greet the boys as they 
went through the city. 

The scene in the vicinity of Boylston Street was of quite an exhilarating 
character. The streets were filled with people, and windows and balconies con- 
tained large numbers of the fair sex, who waved their heart-welcome for the 
soldiers as they marched along. 

Company H, Capt. Smith, had the right, and Company A, Capt. J. M. 
Richardson, the left. 

Crowds thronged the avenues through which the troops passed, and loudly 
applauded them. The Forty-fourth marched almost with the steady tread of 
veterans, and by their precision of movement deserved the applause so Uberally 
bestowed. The Roster is as follows : 

Colonel Francis L. Lee. 

Lieut.-Colonel . . . Edward C. Cabot. 

Major Chas. W. Dabney, Jr. 

Adjutant .... Wallace Hinckley. 

Quarter-Master . . Francis Bush, Jr. 

Surgeon Robert Ware. 

Assistant Surgeon . Theodore W. Fisher. 

Chaplain .... Edmund H. Hall. 

Sergt-Major . . . Wm. II. Bird. 

Quarter-Master-Sergt. Fred. S. Gifford. 

Commissary Sergt. . Charles D. "Woodberry. 

Hospital Steward . Wm. C. Brigham. 

Principal Musician . Geo. L. Babcock. 


Company A. 
Captain — James ^I. Richardson. 
1st Lt. — Jared Coffin. 
2nd Lt.— Charles G. Kendall. 

Company B. 
Captain — John M. Gviswold. 
1st Lt. — John A. Kendrick, Jr. 
2nd Lt.— Charles C Soule. 

Company C. 
Captain — Jacob IL Lombard. 
Ist Lt. — George B. Lombard. 
2nd Lt. — James W. Briggs. 

Company D. 
Captain — Henry D. Sullivan. 
1st Lt. — James IL Blake, Jr. 
2nd Lt.— Asa IL Stebbins. 

Company E. 
Captain — Spencer W. Richardson. 
1st Lt. — James S. Newell. 
2nd Lt. — James S. Cumston. 

Company F. 

Captain — Charles Storrow. 
1st Lt.— Alfred S. Ilartwell. 
2nd Lt.— John E. Taylor. 

Company G. 
Captain — Charles Hunt. 
1st Lt. — James C. White. 
2nd Lt. — Frederick Odiorne. 

Company H. 
Captain — William V. Smith. 
Ist Lt. — Edward C. Johnson. 
2nd Lt.— Albert R. Howe. 

Company L 
Captain — Joseph R. Kendall. 
1st Lt. — William D. Hooper. 
2nd Lt.— Benjamin F. Field, Jr. 

Company K. 
Captain — Frank W. Reynolds. 
2nd Lt.— Richard H. Weld. 
2nd Lt.— Fred. P. Brown. 


October 23. — Most of us, when we turned in last night, thought by the 
time we went on deck this morning, we would be far from land. We were 
mistaken. The steamer had only gone as far as the Roads, where she anchored. 

About five o'clock this morning we made the final start for the war, unless 
Davy Jones shall have a mind to claim us. There are a few boats; but then 
there are, besides our regiment, about 500 of the 3d Mass. Vols., Col. Richmond, 
making about 1500 men in addition to the ship's crew. Sea voyages, as we are 
taking this one, are anything but pleasant. We know nothing of what is going 
on, and are very much crowded, in what would be good quarters for half the 
number. But the boys cannot appreciate this any more than they can to see the 
beef, which we are to eat, dragged across the deck, which, in the neighborhood 
of the horse stalls, is not very clean. 

October 24. — Last night, about nine o'clock, we passed through Vineyard 
Sound, and saw the last of Old Massachusetts, of which we shall probably see 
nothing for nearly a year. There will be very little excitement now, for two or 
three days, excepting we speak other vessels, so the boys are going to improve 
the time in sleeping and eating. To-day, one of our company, Edward Richard- 
son, was taken sick and carried to the hospital. He is the first to succumb, owing 
in a great measure, we think, to the foul air of our quarters. This afternoon we 
saw the "Alabama" (or thought we did), on our quarter, and of course would 
have been sold out cheap, as our boat was not armed, and our consort was nowhere 
to be seen. 

October 25. — We turned in last night in a commotion, for if the " Alabama " 
should overhaul us what should we do? We could not defend ourselves, nor could 
we swim ashore. We soon saw, by the way the officers of our boat allowed the 
other to overhaul us, that they were not afraid. It turned out to be our old friend 
the " Mississippi," with the 5th Mass., the balance of the 3d, and a few of ours, 
who had been left behind. We found afterwards that the men on the other 
steamer were as frightened as we were, thinking us the " Alabama." Why were 
the officers so reticent ? What needless anxiety they could have saved by 
promulgating what they knew. 

Many had become so tired of sleeping below that they tried the deck and 
boats, but were always driven down, not at the point of the bayonet, but with a 
handspike. Two of us arranged a novel sleeping place, and proposed to try it ; 
we got into the chains and tied ourselves to the shrouds, where we could lie and 
watch the phosphorus below, and wonder if a sudden lurch would shake us off 
into the drink ; but were reserved for another though similar fate, for towards 
morning we were awakened by a disagreeably damp sensation, and found ourselves 
drenched with the rain, so we hauled down our colors and crawled below to shake 
out the balance of the night. 



October 20. — About nine this morning we saw our first of Rebeldom, and 

after taking a pilot, and passing several ugly-looking rips and bars, leaving Fort 
Macon on our left, we disembarked from the steamer to the wharf, which had 
a railroad depot on the farther end of it. The place is called Morehead City. But 
if this is a city, what can the towns and villages be ? We stayed in this shed 
or depot awhile, and were then ordered on the train of open cars. Here we 
waited for two mortally long hours in a pelting rain, water on each side of us, 
water over us, and gradually, but persistently, water all through our clothes, and 
not a drop of anything inside of us. 

Notwithstanding the rain storm was severe, we had considerable to interest 
us after we started, which was between two and three o'clock. There had been 
fighting along the line of road a year previous, and every few miles we passed 
picket-posts, occupied by Mass. regiments. We cheered them and they responded. 
Once, where we stopped to wood-up, we saw a settlement of negroes, and some of 
the boys bought or hooked their first sweet potatoes here. Others of us contented 
ourselves with trying to keep our pipes lighted, our tobacco dry, and the cinders 
out of our eyes. Alost all of us came to the conclusion that North Carolina was 
a tough place, barren and desolate, and hardly worth the cost of fighting for it. 

We arrived at New Berne about six o'clock, wet through, hungry, tired, and 
ready for our feather beds, but found our hotel for that night was not supplied 
with any such articles of furniture. 

Our company, with some others, was quartered in a big barn of a building 
built of green boards, which had shrunk both side and end ways, and for beds we 
had the floor, with a few bundles of hay scattered around. We could not expect 
much of a supper, but we managed some way, and then turned in, wet as we were. 
Soon after, we were called up and informed that coffee and beef, with compli- 
ments, from the Mass. 24th Reg't, were awaiting. We accepted, with thanks, 
and made quite a supper. Then we turned in again, — some on bundles of hay, others 
on the floor. Those on the hay had a hard time of it, as the bundles were shorter 
than we were, and we had a tendency also to roll ofE. So after several ineffectual 
attempts, many gave it up and started fiom the building to find better quarters. 
Finally, we found some wood, made a rousing fire in an old sugar boiler, and stood 
around it in the rain, trying to keep warm, if not dry. 

October 27. — We worried through the [^dismal, wet night, and morning 
found us hungry again, so we scattered. Our breakfasts were picked up here and 
there, but there was such a novelty about everything that nothing would do but 
to have a walk about town. New Berne is a very fair sample of a Southern town, 
splendidly laid out in regard to the streets and trees, but the buildings have a 
deserted, forlorn look, probably from want of paint and care. We had a good 
time for a while, but soon found the provost guard obnoxious They asked too 
many questions, and finally ordered us out of the town altogether. We went 
back to quarters, and found the company gone ; only a sergeant left, to pick up 


stragglers. We straggled with him towards camp, appreciating the thoughtfulness 
of the captain in leaving some one to show us where the head-quarters were. 

October 28. — We have been hard at work yesterday and to-day fixing up 
our camp, which is located about a quarter of a mile from town on the old race- 
course. There are troops stationed in our neighboi-hood in every direction. Quite 
a village ; but our time so far has been too much employed at home to do much 
visiting. We are in tents, nineteen men to a tent. We have been banking and 
boarding up, to prepare for bad weather, although our barracks are nearly done, 
and we hope to get into them soon. We are very much crowded in our tent, but 
have plenty of fresh air, of which we have had very little for a week, and are cor- 
respondingly thankful. Rumors are beginning to come ; we have them to-night 
that we are going to into the AVilderness immediately. Our tent is comparatively 
vacant, as this afternoon five were taken out for night guard on a supply train. 

October 29. — Those of us who are on guard to-day are having a ''soft time." 
We have our orders to start at three to-morrow morning. The boys are busy 
packing, receiving cartridges, &c. ; the cooks are hard at work in their depart- 
ment, and the surgeon is hunting for men to guard camp. We were afraid the 
guard were to be left, but the captain says he won't forget us. The knapsacks 
are to be stored in the officers' tents, and we are oi'dered to get all the sleep we 
can from now till four to-morrow, perhaps the last nap under cover for weeks. 


October 30. — This morning, at four o'clock, we thought the Old Nick was to 
pay, byt soon found it was only the long roll. It would have sounded better if a little 
later, but we got up just the same, formed in line, marched across the city, and 
embarked aboard the steamer " Geo. Collins." The old saying about large bodies 
and their slowness, applied here ; we might have slept two hours longer, for it was 
nine o'clock before we started. The vessel had evidently just returned from a 
voyage with cattle on board, so all who could, remained on deck. We were well 
paid, for the scenery for fifteen miles was fine ; after that the banks of the river 
were swampy and dismal. We saw a portion of the old fighting ground of the 
last year when Mass. troops fought to obtain possession of New Berne. 

AVe passed into the sound about three o'clock, and at dark had not entered 
the Pamlico river, so supper and bunks were in order. The supper was -fair, but 
" distance lent enchantment to the " smell of the bunks. 

October 31. — At daybreak we were well into the river, and at noon reached 
Little Washington. At home, this would be a small, and decidedly second-class 
town, here it is a city. It is well located on the banks of the river, and with 
energy might be made quite a place. We marched to the easterly end of the town 
to a large open field, and pitched camp. Not even tents this time. But we found 
a lot of box boards, and soon had comfortable bunks. Many of them like coffins, 



^, Cf»<isnior-st> «'Kot 
/3 . CNavlftA h\ov-Sf'.5 <frn.VC 


just large enough to lie in. A queer-looking camp it was. We have heard to-night 
that our woollen blankets are to be packed away ; we go in light marching order. 

November 1. — Saturday, and of course general cleaning day. So many 
went into the river before breakfast, and soon found it to be the worst thing pos- 
sible for us, and expected fever and ague every day till we forgot the circum- 
stance. We had a scare and then a little fun early this morning. Some humor- 
ous fellows had fired our nice houses, and fully half the huts in the line were in a 
blaze; but, instead of trying to stop it, as fast as the boys were smothered out and 
came to their senses, they " put in a hand, " and piled on all the boards they could 
find. Soon nothing was left of Camp Foster but ashes. Col. Lee would not 
allow us to appropriate any more lumber, so to-night we will sleep bare-back, 
excepting our rubber blankets. The portion of the troops who came by land from 
New Berne having arrived, we start to-morrow — so they say. 

November 2. — We started early this morning by the northerly road; we 
'' fell in " regularly enough, but it was not long before we took the " route step," 
taking the whole road. A mile or two out we halted and loaded up. Evidently 
the officers thought there would be plenty of game. We saw or heard little or 
nothing for about six miles, when we passed a camp-fire, and were told the advance 
had come across an outpost and killed a man. We still kept up a steady tramp, 
and about noon the light marching order became heavy again, and whatever use- 
less articles we had on hand were thrown aside. At noon, we halted to feed in a 
field near a planter's house ; the family were all on the piazza. For dinner we had 
potatoes, chickens, honey, applejack, and persimmons ; the last of which are good 
if eaten with care, but, if a little green, beware ! We stayed here about an hour, 
then packed up and started again, followed no doubt by the blessings of that 
whole family. 


About six o'clock (the time probably when our friends at home were writing 
to us) we heard the artillery, and, coming to a halt, waited anxiously for the next 
move. To us it soon came. Companies H,Capt. Smith, and C, Capt. Lombard, 
were ordered forward, " E " being next in line. For a while we heard nothing 
of them ; but when they were about half-way across the stream the rebels fired into 
their ranks. They, however, succeeded in crossing, and returned the rebels' fire; but 
Gen. Foster thought it better to shell them out, so Companies H and C were 
ordered back; ^'H" having Depeyster, Jacobs, and Parker wounded; and Co. 
C, Charles Rollins killed ; Sergt. Pond and W. A. Smallidge wounded. Lieut. 
Briggs was stunned by a shell. 

After the return of these companies, Belger's Battery shelled across the stream 
for some time, trying to dislodge the enemy. Our company and " I" were sent 
forward in the same track of " H " and " C," Company I being held in reserve. 
We had the fight all to ourselves. It was quite a distance to the water, and an 


illimitable one before we arrived on the other side. It was very nearly waist- 
deep and very cold. We had gone about over, when they fired, but the shot went 
over our heads : we were nearer than they thought. After coming out and shaking 
ourselves, Capt. Richardson deployed the company as skirmishers, and we com- 
menced to feel our way up the slope. Before we were well at it we received 
another volley, which sadly disarranged the ideas of several of us, some of the 
boys firing back at their flash ; but probably very many of our first volley went 
nearer the moon than the rebels; and then we jumped for cover. Some found the 
grape-vines not conducive to an upright position. We got straightened out at 
last, and gradually worked our way forward ; the writer's position being in the 
gutter (or where the gutter ought to have been) on the left of the road ; soon 
receiving another volley which we answered in good shape, hoping we did better 
execution than they had done. We could hear those on the right of the road, 
but could see nothing, and could only fire on the flash of the rebels. After five 
or six volleys from our side, and as many from the rebels, we were ordered back, 
recrossed the ford, and found we had met with loss. Charles Morse was shot 
through the head. His death must have been instantaneous, as the ball went in 
very near the temple and came out the opposite side. A detail buried him among 
the pines, very nearly opposite the surgeon's head-quarters. Charles H. Roberts 
was quite severely wounded in the left shoulder. There were some narrow escapes, 
and, among the minor casualties, E. V. Moore was struck by a ball in the heel of his 
boot ; he was tumbled over ; immediately picked up by the stretcher-bearers and 
carried to the rear, but would not stay there, and soon found his way to the front 

The writer, not wishing to be wounded, persistently held his gun ready to 
ward off all shot, consequently one of the numerous well-aimed shots struck the 
gun instead of his leg, fracturingthe rifle badly ; the bullet, after going through the 
stock of the gun, entered his pantaloons, scraping a little skin from his leg, and 
finally found its way to his boot. 

The surgeon would not report him as wounded or missing, so he had to 
report back to his company ; found his blanket and tried to turn in, but it was no 
use : the company had more work on hand. 

The part of the company who went into the woods on the right of the road, 
had a clear passage up the hill, as far as the walking was concerned, but they 
met their share of fighting, happily coming back with no loss. Parsons, Tucker, 
and Pierce succeeded in taking three prisoners, who were sent to the rear. We 
were detailed as baggage guard, which duty we did bravely ! ! Every time the line 
halted we would lie down, and were asleep as soon as we struck the mud ! ! Fi- 
nally we made a grand start, forded the stream again, and, after being frightened 
to death by a stampede of horses up the road, we found a cornfield, and, after 
forming line several times for practice with the rest of the regiment, spread our- 
selves on the ground and hugged each other and our wet rubber blankets to get 


NovEMBEK 3. — At four o'clock this morning "all was wrong." We were 
aroused from the most miserable attempt at sleep our boys ever dreamed of 
trying. It was a mercy to awaken us; only we were so stiff, sore, cold, and hungry, 
that it was most impossible to get up at all. We were covered with dirt and frost. 
Our guns were in fearful condition, and we were ordered to clean them and be 
ready for the road in half an hour. That was good ; no chance to eat anything or 
clean up ourselves; but such is the luck of war. At six a.m. we started on our 
second day's tramp. Had you asked any of the company, they would have said, 
" We have been tramping a week." Our colonel gave us a good word this morn- 
ing, in passing, saying we had done well. We are satisfied; for although 
" Rawle's Mill " was not an extensive affair, but very few men being engaged, 
it was an ugly encounter for raw material, fired upon, as we were, while up to our 
waists in water ; the unknown force of the enemy, apparently on top of the hill, 
under cover, and having a perfect knowledge of the " lay of the land." 

After a steady march of about twelve miles, we entered Wiiliamston, where 
we halted, broke ranks, and had a pkled-up dinner, and made ourselves comfort- 
able for two hours or so. Wiiliamston is a pretty little town on the Roanoke. 
We foraged considerably; most every man having something. The gunboats 
here effected a junction with us, bringing extra rations, &c. 

We visited the. wounded, calling on Charley Roberts, who was hit last night. 
He looks pretty white, but is doing well, and will probably be sent to New Berne 
on one of the boats. A few of us found a piano in one of the houses, and after 
moving it to the piazza, Ned Ramsay played, and we sang home tunes for awhile, 
having a large audience on the lawn. Soon after the officers broke up our fun, 
by " Fall in E," and as that was what we came for, we "fell in," and recom- 
menced our walk at three p.m., marching about five miles, when we pitched camp 
for the night. Parsons has been made sergeant for his coolness and bravery in 
taking prisoners. 

November 4. — We started early this morning, steadily tramping till a little 
after noon, when we entered the town of Hamilton, the rebs leaving as our 
advance went in. 

Here we made a long halt, as the men were sore, sick, and lame, as well as 
tired and hungry. Surgeon Ware made an examination here, and as it was as 
far as the transports could be with us, he decided to send back what men had 
succumbed. Our company had two. The unfortunates were put aboard a miser- 
able tub of a boat, with about two hundred sick men on her, and sleeping room 
for about fifty; but after nearly five days on the crowded, ill-ventilated, poorly 
provisioned craft, we arrived at New Berne on Sunday morning, Nov. 9th, marched 
to the old camp-ground, and were received by the guard whom we left there. They 
washed us, and put us to bed, and then took care of us till we were on our feet 
again. We had good quarters in the surgeon's tent, and only worried for fear the 
regiment would come home in the dark, and catch us napping in the officers' 

Rumors are abundant to the effect that the regiment is cut to pieces, but no 


work for the sick ones, so we write letters by the dozen, smoke, and tell stories 
of our campaign to the camp-guard. But the company must be looked up. 

They started from Hamilton about seven p.m., of the 4th, marching through 
town with fireworks. Many of the buildings were in flames, having been fired in 
retaliation, our men being shot at from the houses. Others say the town was 
burned because a rebel picket shot one of our soldiers on the outskirts of the town. 
If that was so, it was a wrong done to private property. 

November 5. — The camp last night was about four or five miles from Ham- 
ilton, in a cornfield as usual. To-day they tramped until noon, going about twelve 
miles; lunched, then branched off heading towards Tarboro. 

November 6. — The main body marched until the small hours of morning, 
through a drenching rain and a desolate swamp, in the direction of Halifax, before 
they found a decent camp. 

It was a surprise to all ; but instead of going to Tarboro, as was expected, the 
troops made a backward movement, and the story was, that there was a large 
force at Tarboro, who intended to attack us and destroy our usefulness. They 
did not succeed. A portion of the command who marched all night of the 5th on 
the other road, joined the regiment this forenoon only to find they must keep on 
the dreary tramp all day and well into the night again before they could reach 
Hamilton, where they took possession of the houses that were not burned. 

November 7. — This morning the ground was covered with snow, adding to 
the beauties of the marching, which was soon commenced, and continued to Wil- 
liamston. Here the boys stayed until Sunday, waiting to recruit their strength, 
and, it was said, to meet transports, but none came ; so they started again, and 
Sunday night encamped a few miles from Plymouth. Monday they embarked on 
the " Geo. Collins," bound for New Berne. 

November 12. — The camp at New Berne was aroused by the long-roll, by 
an attack at the bridge, where the pickets are posted. All our guard were called 
out. Two men of the 24th M. V. were killed. The affair was short, but disturbed 
the camp for the rest of the night. Our barracks are all done, and we will 
occupy them as soon as the regiment gets home. 


November 14. — By the loud cheering and blowing off of steam in the direc- 
tion of New Berne, we knew the boys had arrived. The regiment reached camp 
about noon, and a dirtier, more used-up set of men we never saw. Our friends 
at home would hardly recognize us as the same party who three short weeks 
before were parading at Readville. But we are now "vets," of one fight — 
'' Rawle's Mill," which we are bound to carry, and as we cannot get it on our flag, 
the smokers have engraved it on their pipes. 

We occupied our barracks to-day. They are new and roomy, but built of 
green lumber, consequently will soon be well ventilated. The bunks are better 
and more commodious than those at Readville. Three double ones in each tier ; 
the cook-room in the centre, with fireplace on one side and room for the ser- 
geants opposite. 


NovEMHER 15. — To-day we were Inspected by Gen. Foater, an all-day duty, as 
we were on our feet from early morning till late in the afternoon. The most 
important feature of the inspection (to one at least of the company) was the 
presentation to him of his shattered gun by Gen. Foster, with the permission to 
" Send it home as a present from your general." It was a relic second to none. 

NovEMUER 20. — We have enjoyed three days of furlough, with no drill or 
duty to speak of, and most of the company are in good trim again. It has rained 
much lately, which shuts us in-doors, most of our time being occupied in writing 
and sleeping. We have just received our blankets, which we left at Washington, 
never expecting to see them again. They are very acceptable, as the nights are 
not of the mildest. 

Our camp is very pleasantly located, a few rods nearer the Neuse than our 
first one. The barracks are formed in two wings, with cook-house in rear of each 
company, and quartermaster's department to be built in the square behind ; the 
line officers in barracks by themselves on each flank, and staff in front of the 
right wing ; the guard line being just outside of all, giving us a convenient parade 
ground. About six men are drawn from the company each day for camp guard 
and two for police, making that duty comparatively light ; but other work comes 
in regular order, so we don't have much leisure time. Our routine is about as 
follows: Reveille at half-past six a.m. and roll-call; then basins to the front, and 
we go to the water, although we often find some running back to the barracks to 
get a little more sleep ; breakfast, seven ; surgeon's call, half-past seven ; about 
this time the first sergeant makes his morning report; guard mounting at eight ; 
then squad drilling from half-past eight till ten, unless the officers get tired of it ; 
company drill, eleven to twelve ; then one hour for dinner ; company drill from one 
to two ; battalion drill, three to four; company parade and roll-call at half-past 
four ; dress parade, five ; supper, six ; tattoo and roll-call, half-past seven ; taps, 
half-past eight. Xo rest for the weary, for between whiles Sergt. Thayer wants 
three men to get rations, or Sergt. Parsons wants one to sweep barracks, or perhaps 
the captain wants one to carry a loaded knapsack in front of his quarters for an 
hour or so for discipline. We wish the paymaster would come ; we have been 
borrowing and lending to each other just to be able to rememlber the looks of a 
dollar. There is about three months' pay due us, which would alleviate our 
misery much just now, especially as Thanksgiving is near at hand. 

NovEMBEU 27. — Thanksgiving was a great day in the barracks and a fine day 
outside, except for those who are on guard. We will recollect them all day, having 
great pity, but unable to relieve them. 

To-day has been talked about and worked up for a week. Turkeys and the 
fixings have been at a premium, but they say our dinner is safe. The day opened 
splendidly ; just cold enough to induce the boys to play at foot and base ball ; 
some of the officers taking hold and seemingly enjoying the sport. 

We had dinner at one p.m. The table, extended nearly the length of the bar- 
racks, was covered with our rubber blankets, white side uppermost, looking quite 
home-Uke. Our plates and dippers were scoured till we could see our faces in them, 


and how we hated to rub them up ! for, according to tradition, the blacker the dipper 
and the more dents it had, the longer and harder the service. But it had to be, 
and was done, and we had to acknowledge " How well it looks :" When we were 
seated, about a man to every ten was detailed as carver ; and a few of us who had 
engineered to get near the platters were caught and had to cut up and serve. 
We tried in vain to save a nice little piece or two for ourselves ; each time we did 
it some one would reach for it. At last we cut the birds into quarters and passed 
them indiscriminately. After the meats we had genuine plum-pudding, also 
nuts, raisins, &c. After the nuts and raisins were on a few made remarks, 
but the climax was capped by our Lieut. Cumston, who, after telling us not to eat 
and drink too much, said, " There is a man in camp from Boston, getting statistics; 
among others, wishes to find out how many of ' E ' smoke." The lieutenant said 
it would be easier counting to ask the question, "How many did not smoke." 
Several jumped up proud to be counted ; among them a few who did occasionally 
take a whiff. The joke was soon sprung on them, for when they were well on their 
feet, Lieut. Cumston remarked that he had a few cigars, not quite a box, and 
hoped they would go round, but those who did not smoke were not to take any. 
AVe had the cigars and the laugh on those who wished to figure in the statistics. 
It was a big dinner, and we did it justice, and gave the cooks credit for it. 

In the evening Company D and ourselves gave a musical and literary enter- 
tainment. Our barrack was full, and the audience often applauded the amateurs. 
The programme was as follows : — 

Part I. 

Sons " Happy are we to-nis;ht, boys " 

Declamation " England's Interference " F. S. Wheeler (Co. D) 

Song " Oft in the Stilly Night " 

Declamation "The Dying Alchemist " S. G. Eawson (Co. E) 

Readings "Selection.s " J. W. Cartwright ^Co. E) 

Song " Viva L' America " 

Declamation " Spartacus to the Gladiators" J. AVaterman fCo. D) 

Declamation " The Beauties of the Law " H. T. Reed (Co. E) 

" Contraband's Visit," Myers and Bryaut (Co. E) 

Song " Gideon's Band." 

Part II. 

Song " Rock me to sleep, mother " 

Declamation. ..." Garibaldi's Entree to Naples ". . ..G. H. Van Voorhis (Co. E) 

Song " There' s music in the air '' 

Imitation of Celebrated Actors H. T. Reed (Co. E) 

Declamation. . ." Rienza's Address to the Romans " . . N. R. Twitchell (Co. E) 

Old Folks Concert Father Kemp. 

Ending with "Home, Sweet Home," by the audience. 

November 28. — We went to bed late last night, but had to get up at the 
regular time this morning. It was hard work after having had a holiday to strike 
into the old routine at once. There is nothing ahead now but Christmas, pay-day, 
Washington's Birthday,, or another march to enliven us. We have had a few 
boxes from home, but hope for more, as yesterday a vessel arrived. Our letters 
say they are coming. We hope to get them about Christmas time, but will use 
them if they arrive sooner. 

At dress-parade to-night Col. Lee complimented us on our behavior yester- 
day, and upon the way we celebrated. 

Novemrkr29. — We had a fine time for a change last night. There was one 
solitary pudding left over from our Thanksgiving dinner. The boys found out 
that the sergeants had appropriated it, and after taps went for them. We had 
hardly turned in, when a tall man (name commencing with R) in the left wing of 
the barracks, but right wing of the company, tuned up with "Pudding, pudding, 
who's got the pudding?" A sergeant immediately po}>ped his head out of his room, 
with " Stop that noise " The man would not stop, and, to make matters worse, 
others picked it up, and soon the entire lot were yelling for pudding. While we 
were at it strong, in came Col. Lee; but we did not subside worth a cent. SoCapt. 
Richardson came in, and the men, excejiting those who had crawled out the venti- 
lators and through the cook-room, were drawn up in line, and the question put to 
each and all, " Did you say pudding?" Not being able to find out who started the 
game, the company was ordered out and drilled a while, while the few who shirked 
their duty by running, crawled back and went to bed. It was short-lived, but 
fun while it lasted ; but we never found that pudding ! 

Decembkr 9. — Since Thanksgiving we have been drill, drill, drilling, the 
same as at Readville, only, we hope, better. There is very little to write about ; 
there is a sameness about camp-life which renders it ofttimes monotonous. To- 
day has been a sample of brisker times. We would hardly be recognized as the 
same boys who have occupied the barracks since Thanksgiving night. Then peace 
and quietness was in camp, now all is bustle and confusion. A few who fell out 
on the previous march to Tarboro have been examined and talked to, but most of 
us were allowed to go again if we would behave. A few who are sick have been 
detailed to stay behind and care for the barracks and the things we have in them. 
The rest have been as busy as bees making boxes to pack our extra things in. 
When that was done to our satisfaction we occupied ourselves in writing home. 

December 10. — Night came without any move being made, and the usual 
detail for guard was made to-day. We, unlucky guard, already packed this 
time, had something to do till we were on the road, while the rest only stayed 
around waiting for the word. 


December 1L — The guard was relieved early, and at seven a.m. we fell into 
line with the regiment, marching across the town to Fort Totten, where we joined 
our brigade. We made little progress till nearly noon, when, as we thought, we 
started, but there were continued hitches somewhere, and we had many chances 
to stretch ourselves on the ground. We were loaded down this time, carrying 
blankets and knapsacks, and most of us a change of clothes. About four o'clock 
we passed the pickets on the Trent road, apparently about a regiment, having a 
prettily situated entrenched camp, on a small elevation ; their posts being about 
an eighth of a mile farther up the road. Soon after leaving them we encountered 
the first "obstacle" of the expedition. We kept halting, and then starting a 


little, and soon found we would probably have to sleep in wet clothes. We had 
to cross quite a long and deep run of water, but, for a change, were allowed to 
struggle with the plank at the side of the road ; but those who succeeded in keep- 
ing their feet on the narrow, slippery timber, were few, but dry, and consequently 
happy. We saw lights ahead, and supposed we were close to camp, but had to 
march three miles or so before we turned into a cornfield on the left of the road, 
having marched about fourteen miles. A self-impof^ed detail of two went back to 
get water for the mess, and what wood we could find ; then made our fire, had 
supper, and turned in. No good bunks now, but plenty of soft dirt to be tucked up in. 

December 12. — Called up at six this morning ; rather stiff in our joints, but 
still able to have our beds made. We hear this morning that some one took a 
couple of prisoners last night. 

To-day we marched about eighteen miles, camping at nine p.m. No excite- 
ment of any kind all day, except hearing of a number of prisoners being taken. 
Our camp to-night is in a cotton-field, for a change, on the right of the road. 
And for novelty we try individual fires. Our mess, of about eight, found plenty 
of rails, but had to get three lots of water, for as fast as one lot would get hot 
enough for the coffee some one would hit the rail, and over all would go ; spoiling 
our fire and water too. Finally, by ten o'clock, we managed to get supper ; then 
agreed to take turns watching the fire and our spare rails, which we were afraid 
we should lose. One of the guards falling asleep, our fire went out, also the bal- 
ance of our rails ; but some one foraged around, finding three good ones, and sat 
on them till morning, that we might have a warm breakfast. 

December 13. — Last night the company forager, Russell, nearly lost his hfe. 
Having stolen or appropriated a mule, he spent most of his time, while on the 
march, scouring the neighboring chicken-roosts, and, as usual, came in last evening 
loaded down, a hoop-skirt pannier on each side of his animal, being distended 
to its uttermost capacity with good things, from eggs to a side of bacon. The 
picket where he came on the line happened to be a Dutchman, who understood 
very little English, and nothing of his duty (not of our regiment), and the mule, 
caparisoned as he was with the white skirts, stealing upon him with little noise, 
frightened the poor fellow so that he fired at the forager, and then challenged him, 
but after a deal of talk, our man got by and rendered a good account of himself. 

We started about seven this morning, and after marching about nine miles 
heard firing ahead, and were ordered to halt, and " right and left " was the word. 
Lying down, we rested while our artillery went through the line. We waited a 
long time." Then we moved forward, and, entering a large field on the left, were 
drawn up in line of battle. We were on an elevation, where we could see all that 
was going on, or thought we could, which served the purpose, as we all found out 
sooner or later. The men knew little or nothing, and anyone asking an ofiicer, he 
always replied, "I'm sure I cannot tell you ' ' — a most unsatisfactory way of explain- 
ing matters. 

About four o'clock we stacked our arms, with orders not to leave the ranks ; and 
supposing the enemy to be in our immediate vicinity, we kept quiet for an hour; 


then, as there did not appear to be any special movement, we were allowed to get 
something to eat ; and soon found we were to stay here all night, but were not 
allowed to remove our accoutrements. 

From our position we have a beautiful view of our camp-ground. We are 
situated on a knoll, with General Stevenson's head-quarters in our immediate 
vicinity, with the different regiments scattered in all directions ; while down in the 
woods, directly in front of our line, we can just see the cavalry picket. We are 
wondering if all our fighting is to be done on Sundays. Our first fight was on Sun- 
day, and it is now Saturday night ; and we are so close to the enemy that we have 
orders to sleep with our rifles in our hands. Probably no baked beans or brown 
bread for us to-morrow. 


December 14. — Sunday morning opened finely ; and after a quiet night we 
were up bright and early, starting at half-past seven for another day's tramp, 
which we are in good condition to do, having rested well yesterday. This is our 
fourth day from Xew Berne, and by the road we marched it is a considerably 
longer distance than by the Xeuse Road, whch, it is rumored, is heavily barricaded, 
and would have delayed us much. 

We marched pretty steadily till about nine o'clock, when we heard firing 
ahead ; and the artillery of our brigade went through the lines at double quick. 
Then we were drawn up in line in a field at the right of the road, piling up our 
knapsacks and leaving a man or two to guard them. We had an idea there was 
fighting ahead of us, but thought it quite a way off, until a few shells whistled 
unpleasantly near. Soon we had orders, " Forward !" We entered a swamp where 
we saw a number of the 45th M. V. wounded and many dead. Guns, knapsacks, 
and accoutrements scattered in all directions. It almost beggared description. 
Col. Lee was leading the way : our duty was to follow. We would have preferred 
going round that swamp. And such a place to drop in ! Anyone shot there, took a 
chance of being drowned also. Up to our hips in water ; strangled or tripped up 
by the grape-vines. Sometimes two would jump for the same hummock, and, 
stiking midway, both would drop into the water. It was our " Slough of 
Despond ;" and we were expecting each minute to receive avolley, andbeserved as 
the other regiments had been, but we were agreeably disappointed. There was 
plenty of shot and shell which went over our heads. When we were clear of the 
swamp we could see a building on top of the hill. It turned out to be a church. 
We arrived there just in time to see two or three hundred rebels being led to the 
rear, and another lot just coming in with a flag of truce. Our forces also captured 
a battery which the rebels could not carry off. We went back on the road to get 
our knapsacks, and then took our position in line. While waiting to move on, we 
saw a lot of muskets and rifles piled up beside the road. A splendid double- 
barrel gun took the eye of many, but it looked heavy, so it was left. 

The enemy did not succeed in burning the bridge, although it was loaded 
with tar and cotton. The man detailed for this work started the fire, but probably 


his clothes, becoming saturated with spirits, took fire, as when we crossed we saw 
him lying in the mud under the bridge, badly burned and dead. The cotton was 
thrown overboard and the bridge saved. 

We crossed about two o'clock p.m. After passing a formidable looking water- 
battery, just at the right of the bridge, we marched about two miles to Kinston, 
which was deserted, except by the darkies and occasionally a poor white. At 
the junction of the streets cotton was piled up and on fire, — a great waste of batting, 
but they probably thought it would impede our progress. If it had been the cause 
of the destruction of the place, Gen. Foster probably would have been blamed. 
We marched across the town, and while we saw most of the regiments bivouacking 
and getting their supper, we kept on about a mile, to drive the rebels from a hill 
from which they could shell the place. After losing two hours, we counter- 
marched, camping close to the railroad station and a large corn elevator, where 
we had a good supper ; after which, instead of turning in, some of us started on a 
"lark. " We went throught the post-office and other buildings, but were finally 
driven back by the cavalry. After visiting the corn elevator, which was on fire, 
and filling our canteens wiih water for morning, we tore down a fence back of the 
station, making some very nice beds, and turned in. 

December 15. — After turning in last night it was impossible to sleep, the 
cause being the music of a band farther down the railroad track. It was a serenade 
to the general, probably, but we took it all in. Our batteries had been practising 
all the evening on the hill occupied by the rebels, altogether making it lively, but 
conducive to sleep. 

At half-past four this morning we were aroused by the usual drum-beat, ate 
breakfast, and started once more; and as we had more resting than fighting yes- 
terday, we were in a comparatively good condition, marching out of Kinston in 
good spirits. We crossed tjie river by the same bridge where the fight occurred, 
and, after burning it, took the road towards Goldsboro. Nothing worthy of note 
turned up to-day but our toes and heels alternately, which did not interest us 
much. After a steady march of sixteen miles, we encamped in a cornfield on 
the right of the road. (About all the fields we ever did camp in were cornfields.) 
We would have liked a potatoe-patch or dry cranberry meadow for a change, but 
probably Col. Lee or the exigencies of the case demanded a cornfield. If the 
colonel had been obliged to have slept once across the rows of these or between 
them, filled as they oftentimes were with water, he would have picked out other 
quarters without doubt. This camp is about five miles from a place called White- 
hall, where they say we are to " catch it." 

December 16. — Another hard night ; one of a few very cold and disagreeable 
ones. We left the ranks early for rails, and after carrying them two or three 
miles, found, on arriving at camp, there were plenty on hand and not accounted 
for. We got our supper and tried to s'eep, but it was almost impossible. We 
would have suffered severely had it not been for our woollen blankets ; as it was, 
when we woke up this morning, many of us found the water in our canteens 
frozen, said canteens having been used as pillows during the night. 



After starting at seven o'clock, we kept halting continually until nine. We 
had travelled not more than four or five miles when we heard heavy firing in our 
immediate front. Our brigade being ahead, our regiment was sent in about the 
first. We left the main road, taking the one over the hill on the left, and were 
immediately under fire. Here we came upon two men of "A" who had been 
killed by a shot or shell. We dropped our knapsacks and filed along a line of 
fence, coming to a halt in front of the Neuse, with the rebels on the opposite 

We fired several volleys by company, then the order came, " At will," which 
was easier. We had an old rail-fence in front, and beyond that a few barrels of 
pitch or turpentine, then a slope, and the water, and the rebels beyond. We 
received a good share of their bullets, and hoped ours did better execution, as we 
were fortunate in not losing a man. There were several narrow escapes, however. 
The flag was immediately behind our company, and a part of the time the flag of 
the 9th New Jersey was unfurled behind us also, which might have drawn an 
extra amount of fire; but we did not suffer any loss, while some of the companies 
lost several. "A," four killed and seven wounded; " B," one wounded ; " C," 
three killed ; " K," one killed ; "D," two wounded ; " F," one wounded ; "G," 
two wounded ; " II," two wounded. We were on the rebels' right. We stayed 
there about an hour and a half and then were ordered back, and started directly 
across the field in line of fire for cover, where we could see other regiments 
flat on the ground. All the protection we had there, was by hugging mother earth 
and folding our arms back of our heads, the bullets whistling close to us in a 
neighborly fashion. Here we waited, and those who had hard-tack munched it; 
but we kept up a thinking all the while whether the muscles of our arms would 
stop a bullet from going through our heads. Soon Belger's battery took our old 
place and opened on the rebels, who treated them pretty severely for a time, as we 
could see good R. I. material dropping constantly. The battery boys came 
for the water we had in our canteens, with which to cool their guns, the firing 
having been quite brisk. After two hours of very steady work, the rebels con- 
cluded to give up the fight. As they had destroyed the bridge yesterday, we could 
not chase them, so fell in and started again for Goldsboro, and about eight o'clock 
camped in a field at the junction of two roads. 


December 17. — There was no time this morning to cook coffee, so we 
started on a cold-water breakfast, after another cold night, with little good 
sleep, and marched without incident until four p.m., when we heard the usual 
cannonade at the front. As soon as the noise of the cannon was heard, then com- 
menced the usual straggling. All have some of course. The attention of our 
boys was called to a scene upon which we looked with surprise, and which many 


of our company will never forget. As we passed from the main road to take 
position on the hill, we saw a man, or what was dressed as a man, in Uncle Sam's 
clothes, importuned by another to join his command. He would not budge ; and 
the concluding words we heard as we passed by, were : " Damn it, man ! just look 
here : look at this regiment going in ; there is not a man there ; they are all hoijs 
with no hair on their faces, — and you afraid P^ We pitied the fellow, and 
often wondered if he joined his company. His pride had evidently gone on a 
furlough. We halted on a high hill, from which we could see all that was going 
on, and soon found we were in reserve, which pleased us all. After getting turnips 
and sweet potatoes, — of which we found a plenty (all planted for us) , — we straggled 
to the edge of the bluff and watched the fight. In a tree close to where we 
stood was a signal station, and by that we supposed Gen. Foster was near. On 
the left we could see the railroad which leads into Goldsboro, and the fighting over 
it; to the right, the bridge; while in front, close to the river, there seemed to 
be a continuous sheet of flame from our advance and the rebels. Some of our 
men worked their way to the mill ; and a story was told by one of the 17th Mass. 
Vols., who reached the bridge on his own account, that he saw a train of cars 
stop there, and, just as it halted, a shot from one of our batteries struck the engine 
in tha head-plate, smashing the eugine badly. He could see men jump from the 
cars in all haste. (This story was told several years after the action ; and the 
fact of those men coming as they did, and perhaps others behind, may have been 
the reason we left so suddenly, and went to New Berne.) 

About seven o'clock Gen. Foster rode past our line, saying : "The object 
of the expedition [the burning of the bridge and partially destroying the connec- 
tion between the Gulf States and Richmond] is accomplished. We are going to 
New Berne." 

We were immediately formed, and started on the back track with cheers 
for the general ; but we had not gone three miles before we found we were not 
" out of the woods." Orders came to countermarch, so we turned about, wonder- 
ing what all the artillery firing meant. We tramped back about two miles or so 
through the woods, on fire on both sides of the road, turned to the left down 
hill, and formed line in silence, waiting. We were not allowed to speak or light 
our pipes, but waited, it seemed, for two hours. The regiment was formed in 
division column closed in mass ; the company behind us being only a few feet 
away, and in front nothing but the pickets and supposable rebels. After staying 
here a while we heard the artillery go along the road, and soon followed. We 
reached camp about ten o'clock, tired and hungry, but no chance to get anything 
to eat, and a man missing. He turned up afterwards, having settled himself for 
a nap when we were in the woods. Not finding any one near when he awakened, 
he concluded to strike out for himself — happily remembering that old broken 
caisson beside the road, and recollecting on which side he left it on going in, he 
soon came " Russelling " into camp with the rest of us. 

December 18. — We started for home about five this morning, expecting to 
make easy marches, but have been disappointed so far, as we have tramped just 


about the same gait as when going up, making about twenty miles to-day and camp- 
ing in the same field we did the night out of Kinston, about five miles from Whitehall. 

December If). — We were up and at it at the usual time this morning, on the 
home tramp, which kept up the spirits of many. About ten o'clock we came in 
sight of our first day's fighting ground. We found that several of the graves of our 
men had been opened by the rebels. After repairing them we kept on, taking the 
Neuse Road, which we steered clear of in coming up on account of the heavy 
entrenchments and barricades the rebels had placed on it. Every little while we 
had to leave the road and take to the woods to get by their obstructions, which 
continued for four or five miles from Kinston ; some of them were very formidable. 

About three o'clock we marched into a large field on the left of the road to 
receive rations, which we understood had been brought to us on the cars from New 
Berne, and it was about time; our larder was getting low. We received a little 
bread, but not enough to satisfy both stomach and haversack, so we filled the 
former and stowed away the crumbs that were left in the latter. The report is 
that the bread and beef were left at New Berne, and soap and candles shipped to 
us, — an explanation which did not soothe our feelings entirely. 

We marched about five miles farther and then camped for the night. 

December 20. — After some trouble we managed to get to bed last night 
about eleven o'clock ; but for a long time after that the mules kept us awake ; 
perhaps they were hungry also. Tne weather was clear and not cold, so we got 
a little rest. At six o'clock this morning we were ordered on, after a very light 
breakfast, excepting for a few who may have foraged. There were a few chickens 
and a little applejack about our mess. To-day has been the hardest of any day of 
the tramp, and there has been more straggling. The company organization was 
in the line, but thinned out terribly. We had no noon-rest ; but at two o'clock 
we filed from the road to a field, came to the front, and received a good scold- 
ing. Our regiment looked as if it had been through two Bull Runs ; only about 
150 left, and the rest not "accounted for." In fact there were very few left of 
those who should do the accounting. The colonel stormed a little, but that did 
not bring up the men ; so, as he was probably as hungry, if not as tired, as we 
were, he let us go to eating, which was a decided farce. Our haversacks were 
as flat as our stomachs. We found a few grains of coffee and tobacco-crumbs 
in the bottom of our bags, and succeeded in digging a few sweet potatoes, 
which we ate raw. We were told they were very fullsome. We waited here 
two hours or so for the stragglers, who finally came along. They had been 
having a fine time, plenty of room to walk, and two hours more to do it in than 
we had; and, more than that, they were in the majority, so nothing could be done 
but " Right shoulder shift " and put the best foot forward. About sundown we 
saw, in crossing a bridge, a wagon-load of hard-tack bottom side up in the 
creek. Some of the boys sampled the bread, but it was not fit to eat. Shortly 
after a signboard indicated fourteen miles to New Berne. That was encouraging ! 
The walking was fearful, the roads full of water, in some places waist deep, 
and covered with a skimming of ice. At last we met a wagon loaded with bread, 


and after much talk with the driver we got what we wanted. Next we met a 
man who said it was only twelve miles to New Berne, They either have long 
miles or else some one made a mistake ; we seemingly had been walking two hours 
or more from the fourteenth mile post, and now it was twelve miles. We came to 
the conclusion not to ask any more questions, but "go it bUnd." 

We at last reached the picket-post/ seven miles out, and halted to rest and 
allow the artillery to go through. Here Col. Lee told us we were at liberty to stay 
out and come into camp Sunday ; but most of " E " thought of the letters and the 
supper we would probably get, and concluded to stand by the flag. After a rest 
we started again, and at last began to close up and halt often, so we knew we were 
coming to some place or other. 

The writer has no very distinct idea of those last seven miles, excepting that 
he was trying to walk, smoke, and go to sleep at the same time, and could only 
succeed in swearing rather faintly, and in a stupid sort of manner, at everything 
and every one. It was dark and foggy, but finally we saw what appeared to 
be the headlight of a locomotive a long way off. Then the fort loomed up, and we were 
passing under an arch or bridge, and in a few minutes we reached "E's" bar- 
rack, and our troubles were all forgotten. Now we were wide awake ; gave three 
hearty cheers for every one ; had all the baked beans and coffee we could stagger 
under; and then the captain's "Attention for letters" brought us to our feet. 
Some had as many as a dozen. They had to be read at once, and, notwithstanding 
our fatigue and the lateness of the hour, read they were. 


December 21. — Sunday. A splendid day ; but what a miserable-looking set 
of boys we are ! — stiff, lame, and dirty, and hungry for more beans. We received 
the welcome order, " No work for three days." We went to church this morning, 
so there are really only two days and a half, and they will soon be gone. But we 
have letters to answer, trips down-town to make, for those who can get passes ; 
and the first thing we know it will be Wednesday. 

December 24. — Wednesday, and our duties have commenced again : regular 
camp routine, — drill, guard, and police, the same as before the last march. 

We are forgetting the sore feet, and gaining flesh every day, and an occasional 
run down town to Blagg's tends to rub off the rough edge of being cooped behind 

December 25. — Christmas. A fine day, and, being my birthday, I was 
allowed a furlough, for chum and self, from reveille till tattoo. 

We started as early as possible for New Berne, and, among other things, had 
a first-class turkey dinner, with all the fixings, silverware, cut glass, white table- 
cloth, and some one to wait on table. But for us, as for all, the day came to a 
close, and at the usual time we were back, no better than about eighty others, 
excepting thememory of home-life which the associations of the day had called up. 


December 30. — The paymaster looked in on us. He is the first we have 
had any dealings with, and we are glad he came, for most of "K" have been 
"hard up." We received pay from August 29th to November 1st, — $27.30 each. 
We expected to get the whole, and were disappointed ; for when many of us 
squared up, it took about all that we received to settle our debts. We are drilled 
now as a brigade nearly every day, firing blank cartridges ; consequently our 
guns need extra cleaning, and we get more marching. Evidently they mean our 
brigade to be number one. 

December 31. — The last day of an eventful year to us, but the matters 
worthy of note are few and far between. 

We drilled hard from two o'clock till we had barely time to clean up for dress 
parade, and very little can be said of brigade drills in their favor. The principal 
thing being, we passed the "defile" many times, and formed en echelon, 
about all the afternoon. It may be it was to celebrate the new "star," — our 
Gen. Stevenson wearing his for the first time to-day. If that was it we will 
forgive him, but if the star is going to increase the brigade drills we shall wish he 
never had won it. 

Our brigade now is the 2d in the 1st Division, Acting Major General Wessels, 
and is composed of the 5th 11. 1., 10th Conn., 24th Mass., 44th Mass., and Belger's 
R. I. Battery. 


January 1. — To-day we were mustered for two months' pay, and of course 
we were happy till our ardor was cooled by our captain, who told us it might be 
three months before we received our money .All the consolation to us is, our names 
are on the list. Our barracks are up in arms, as we are getting ready for the 
entertainment this evening. Those who are not practising or ordering round are 
working like beavers putting things to rights. 

January 2. — We had a good time last evening; everything went off smoothly, 
the parts being well taken by boys from the different companies. The following 
is the programme : — 




Prologue H. T. Eeed. 

Overture Band. 

Recitation F. D. Wheeler. 

Song Quartette Club. 

Recitation C. A. Chase. 

Recitation E. L. Hill. 




Shylock H. T. Reed. 

Duke W. Howard. 

Autouio D. F. Safford. 

Bassanio F. D. Wheeler. 

Gratiano J. H. Waterman. 

Portia L. Millar. 

Solanio F. A. Sayer. 



Opening Chorus Company. 

Louisana Lowlands H. Howard. 

Dolly Day F. A. Sayers. 

Shells of the Ocean H. Howard. 

Susianna Sinipkins F. A. Sayers. 

Ham Fat Man J. H. Myers. 

Concluding with 


With Characters by the Company. 

Director H. T. Reed. 

Assistant Manager . . . . D. F. Safford. 

Secretary W. Howard. 

Treasurer J. M. Waterman. 


F. D. Wheeler, L. Millar and F. A. Sayers. 

January 5. — In writing up the events of January 1st, including the " Catas- 
trophe," characters by the company, we did not think we were on the brink of 
an actual one. It seems Col. Lee thought our captain just the officer to take 
charge of the new ambulance corps, alarger command, and a very responsible one ; 
but the captain thought of the matter overnight, and has decided to stay wi'h the 
boys whom he enlisted, many of them entering " E " because he ivas to be captain. 

January 8. — We have had several cases of fever lately, occasioned, it is 
said, by malaria from the lower swamps in the neighborhood. We have one slough 
close by us, between our barracks and the river. At first we tried to fill it up, 
but finding it apparently had no bottom, gave it up, and now use it to empty our 
swill into, keeping it constantly stirred up, of course. Our camp is on as high 
and dry ground as any in the neighborhood, but there is evidently something about 
it which is wrong. 


We are now also having the benefit of the rainy season, consequently naost of 
our drill is in-doors. We like it for a change, as it gives us more leisure to 
write ; and I fear we are getting fearfully lazy, as we do a great deal of sleeping. 
It is about time to give us another march or we will get rusty. The rain still 
reigns, and we probably will not move till it is over. 

Just about this time look out for quinine. We are ordered to take it every 
night to kill the fever. Our captain looks out for us, that we do not lose our 
share. Generally, Sergeant Thayer goes round with the big bottle, giving each 
man his dose, the captain following close by. Several have tried various "ways 
to dodge it, but they were too sharp for us, and when they caught us we had to 
take a second glass of it. We would give ours up if we thought there was not 
enough to go through the officers' tents ; but they say they take their dose after 
us. We are afraid it is a long time after. 

January 12. — We are having another kind of excitement to-day. Boxes 
are flooding the barracks ; the " Express " and " Torpedo " having brought about 
one box to each man. We appreciate the good things, but acknowledge there is 
more sickness after having received them; still we "cry for more." It was 
reported we could smoke on guard at night. We revelled in the privilege, when 
lo ! all too soon, came the word, " No smoking ;" and it turned out to be a hoax ; 
but it was thoroughly enjoyed by the boys. 

Rumors of war and another expedition are floating around. A number of 
regiments have had their twelve hours' notice, some say to Wilmington, others 
Charleston, but it is safe to say the majority do not know ; so all we have to do is 
to wait patiently, and by and by we may find ourselves gone. 

There has been a raid towards Trenton, and it is supposed that "they 
accompUshed the object," &c. 

January 21. — Last night our neighbors " D " gave the affair of the season, 
the occasion being marred only by the lack of ladies, which was in part supplied 
by several of the boys dressing up in clothes borrowed from the colored ladies 
down town. 

The following card explains itself : — 



The pleasure of j'our company, with ladies, is respectfully solicited at a Grand Ball 
to be held in the Grand Parlor of the Fifth Avenue Hotel (No. 4 New Berne), on Tuesday 
Evening, January 20th, 1863, 

The management heg leave to state that nothing will be left undone on their part 
to make it the party of the season. 

C. H. Demeritt. W. Howard. J. E. Leighton. 


1. Sicilian Circle March to Tarboro. 

2. Quadrille New England Guard. 

3. Polka Quadrille .... Kinston Galop. 

4. Quadrille Yankee Doodle. 

Waltz, Polka, Redowa, Scottische. 

5. Quadrille Bloody 44tli Quickstep. 

6. Les Lanciers Connecticut 10th March. 

7. Quadrille Lee's March. 

8. Contra (Virgiua Reel) . . . Rebel's Last Skedaddle. 

I cannot write much of a description of this affair, except to say it was enjoy- 
able, and the hall crowded. A cousin of mine, in the 39th 111. Infantry, is on a 
visit from Norfolk, and of course we had to go to the dance. Soon after entering, 
as we stood looking on, I placed my hand on the shoulder of the man in front, and, 
slightly leaning upon him, remarked, "A gay sight !" "Yes, it is," in a voice 
perfectly recognizable. I turned my head to be sure of what I had been doing, 
begged his pardon, and changed base instantly, carrying Ned to the farthest pos- 
sible limit of the hall. It was Col. Lee I had been so familiar with, and all 
the time I was conspiring to break a rule, in having a man sleep in camp who did 
not belong there, although this was an extia occasion ; and I suppose more than 
one mess had an extra member that night. 

January 22. — The rain is continuous : over a week now of steady weather, 
and nothing but inside drills, under Lieut. Newell, who is always trying, and 
generally succeeds, to "put in more snap, men !" interspersed with bayonet 
drills on our own hook, and occasionally, when it holds up for a few hours, Col. 
Lee stretches our legs with a drill outside. 

At dress parade lately the order was read directing the following victories 
to be inscribed upon the flags of the regiments, batteries, &c., which were on the 
Goldsboro expedition : — 

Kinston, December 14, 1862. 
Whitehall, December 16, 1862. 
Goldsboro, December 17, 1862. 

On account of the resignation of Captains Lombard and Reynolds, the rank 
of Capt. Richardson is advanced, he becoming third. Consequently "E" is 
color company, a position not only of honor to the captain and his men, but in 
some positions in which we may be placed it means dangerous work. We hope 
we may carry them well, and when we give them up either to some other company 
or when we are disbanded, it will be with the same pride that we take them now. 

Several of the company are a little under the weather, but no fever cases yet. 
We have been fortunate, while other companies are having quite a number of sick 


January 25. — As we proposed having a dance soon after " D," and there 
are such strong rumors of movements of troops floating about oamp, we made 
up our minds not to lose our chance, and had it last night. Those who attended 
were highly gratified. The notices, posted on the different barrack-doors, read as 
follows : — 

A grand Regimental Bal-Masqiie will be held to-uight, January 24th, at the Barracks 
of Company E. None admitted except commissioned officers and those en costume. 

There was a full house, notwithstanding the restrictions, and we had a fine 
time. Several were dressed as ladies, and made passably good-looking ones, Miss 
Rawson, of Boston, and Miss Emerson, of Waltham, carrying off the honors. 
Most of our officers called upon us, bringing a few of the 10th Conn. 

January 28. — Another spell of weather. It has rained constantly for two 
days, with no intermission. Some of the regiments have been moved. The 24th 
Mass., 10th Conn., and 5th 11. I., have gone ; but we still stay behind, probably 
intended for some sort of a tramp. Lieut. Cumston goes on this expedition, and 
may see some tall fighting at Charleston while we are doing police and camp, 
guard duty ! But as he is of " E," we will take the credit of Charleston, and put 
it on our pipes beside the rest. We gave him six rousing cheers, and a hand, 
shake as he went by the barracks to join his command. 

Several Boston gentlemen have been here, some stopping with our officers, — 
among them Mr. J. G. Russell, father of Geo. Russell, of our company, — but they 
have all moved down town, and we hear that when some of them undertook to 
leave for Boston, Col. Messinger, the Provost Marshal, would not let them start, 
on account of the movement of troops. 


February 1. — Sunday, and another move at last. "We left the barracks 
about seven o'clock this morning, marched through the town and aboard the 
''Northerner," by far the most commodious steamer we have been on since we 
came out. There are awful stories of her having been condemned, and, as a last 
resoi-t, sold to government for transporting troops. There is plenty of room 
however ; so, as we cannot help it, we content ourselves, and hunt around for our 
stateroom. Our party was lucky enough to get one, seven of us occupying it ; 
and after a good dinner we turned in, as we had seen all there was to be seen on the 
river before, and did not know how soon we would be called upon to lose sleep. 
We steamed at a good rate down the Neuse, and at dark were still at sea. We 
are having a good time so far ; not overcrowded, the vessel clean, and plenty of 
good stuff to eat, as we had just received boxes by the " Fry," chartered by our 
friends at home. There was a box for every man, and in some cases two, so our 
knapsacks and haversacks are filled with home-made eatables, instead of govern- 
ment meat and bread. We have our band with us, so many expect some good 


times. The band takes two good fellows from " E," — Park and Ramsay ; and 
all the consolation we get for the loss is an extra onion now and then, and 
perhaps a little less noise in the barracks from Ned. 

February 2. — Passed Roanoke on our right, about eight o'clock this morn- 
ing ; sea smooth and weather pleasant. Had a good breakfast of dried beef and 
water. We entered Roanoke river for the second trip on it about noon, and after 
about four hours' pleasant sail we were alongside the wharf at Plymouth. Since 
we were here in November the town has become sadly demoralized. The rebels 
entered it one fine day and drove what troops were there into the Custom House, 
and then set fire to the place, destroying the larger part. It is decided not to dis- 
embark the regiment till to-morrow. The cooks are ashore somewhere, and are 
making our coffee, while we are lounging round on deck and through the vessel, 
having a free and easy time, or located in some cosey nook writing up. 

February 3. — Last night was a holiday time. We had dancing on the 
vessel, and "the band played." This morning was ushered in with a slight 
change. The ground was covered with snow, and everything had a decidedly 
Northern outlook, some of the companies came ashore to-day, and are quartered 
in a granary owned by one J. C. Johnston. We were somewhat crowded on the 
vessel, but would gladly sacrifice the room for the heat, as it is very cold here. 
Our company is in the second story, and most all are in their blankets trying to 
keep warm, .as there is no chance to have fires in the building. Athough the 
town is provost guarded, most anyone can roam round by dodging the officers and 
sentries. About all our rations, so far, have been obtained away from company 
quarters, many preferring a change. We find quite a number of natives here ; 
one, for instance, John Fenno, a unionist, was drafted into the rebel service, 
deserted, ran to our lines, and joined the native cavalry regiment (Buffaloes), and 
consequently is in a bad predicament. He will have to fight to the death ; for if 
he is taken the rebels will hang him. He is now with his family ; but when the 
town is deserted by the troops, he is liable, with the rest, to another raid such as 
they had a few weeks ago. 

February 4. — We are having an easy time so far, excepting for the cold 
weather. We have no guard or drill as yet ; a part of the 27th M. V. do provost 
duty. There are rumors of a regimental guard, around our quarters ; so all who 
could cleared out early and stayed all day. A party of us visited the court- 
house, prison, and graveyard. All but the last, with a church close by, show 
marks of being used as targets. After picking ivy from the graveyard wall, to 
send home, we started out of town on a private scout. About a mile's walk 
brought us to a picket ; who thought our visit farther had better be indefinitely 
postponed ; so, after a pleasant chat with them, whom we found to be natives, 
deserters from the rebel army, and, of course, unionists, we took the "right 
about " and tramped towards camp arriving just in time for inspection and 
dress parade at half-past four p.m. 

February 5. — Had a ball in our old granary last night. Some who were to 
go on guard to-day turned in early, and all we know of it is, that those who went 
had a good time. 


Our regiment is to help the 27th in their guard-duty. Our guard-house is a 
grocery store, close to the granary, and the duty is very light. It rained about 
all day, and the snow is consequently gone, leaving the roads in a fearfully bad 


February 7. — Freedom of the town for to-day, and all over town we went ; 
had a dug-out race, and about all who were in it got a ducking. Our party went 
up the shore of the river some distance. We saw the ways where a ram had been 
started, but was destroyed to keep our gunboats from taking her. We then 
branched off into the woods and finally found a picket-post, where we got some 
good cider and had a chat, arriving home just in time to get our guns and " fall 

It seemed our right wing was "on a march." Quartermaster Bush said we 
were going for wood, but we could not understand why it took four or five com- 
panies to escort an equal number of wagons a few miles from town, unless there 
was a large force of the enemy about ; and if there was, why had we heard noth- 
ing from them for five days? Our orders were " light marching order," nothing but 
guns and ammunition; but most of " E" took haversacks and dippers, and were 
glad we did. We started about two o'clock this afternoon, and after marching 
about two miles we struck an " obstacle." The road was completely barricaded by 
large trees felled across it ; and as cutting would delay us the rest of the day, we 
turned into the woods and went through a swamp, and soon found ourselves 
in the road again, marching towards "Long Acre." We left "B" and "C" 
at the junction of two roads, near a blacksmith shop. We soon left the wagons 
also, they probably stopping for the wood which was piled up by the roadside. 
We still kept " marching on," and by dark we were tired as well as hungry. There " 
was worse for us in store, however. The boys ahead began to scatter and growl, and 
soon we were in the water. It was icy-cold and waist deep. Some tried the runway 
on the side, but it was slippery with ice. One of the boys made fruitless attempts 
to keep both feet on the rail. His efforts on that parallel bar were edifying ; but 
being the youngest member of-^E^^ (sweet seventeen), he will have more time than the 
rest of us to improve. After much struggHng, down he went, gun and all. The 
water was three feet deep ; and after fishing up his rifle he concluded to wade with 
us the rest of the way. We know " a thing of beauty is a joy forever." He was 
not in a beautiful or joyous mood then, but will probably be a Joy forever. 

The ford seemed to us about a mile long. It was probably only a quarter, 
if that ; but it came to an end at last, and we footed the rest of the way on 
dry land; varying the monotony by private details for forage at every house 
we came to ; striving to get ahead of the officers in their attempts to savethe cider 
from U3. 

Between ten and eleven o'clock p.m. we halted, and were informed that the 


"object, &c., was accomplished," "about faced," wliich brought " E " to the 
front, and started for home. Twelve of our men went ahead as advance guard, 
under command of Lieut. Newell, and another twelve of us as support. A short 
distance behind came the column. We were on the same road, and knew we had 
the same ford to recross, and suffered torments until it was over with, and we 
fairly out of its sight. We foraged right and left ; hardly a man of us without 
two or three old hens, dipper full of honey, and a few with a ham or two. The 
advance and support had the most and fattest pickings of course. We rejoined the 
other companies, " B " last, at the blacksmith shop ; and about five o'clock a m. 
came in sight of the picket and saw Plymouth. 

Februarys. — Then Lieut. Newell told us to "go," and we went, as well 
as we could, for quarters. Arriving at the granary, and having left our chickens 
at a negro shanty to be cooked, we turned in, all booted and muddy, and slept 
through everything till nearly noon. A¥hen we started up for breakfast it was 
a comical sight. Nearly all had turned in in their wet clothes, and of course 
were about as wet when they got up, and very stiff. We found our chickens and 
ate them. While eating, the 27th guard called us, saying the regiment was under 
orders and we were to leave immediately. The way those chickens disappeared 
made those darkies laugh. We went back happy, as we knew when once on 
board the steamer we could sleep for a while and get rested ; for after being on an 
all-night march of twenty-five miles at least, we were tired out, and felt we would be 
safer from another trip, for a day or two, than if on shore. We were all on 
board by half -past four o'clock, and soon after dropped down stream, leaving 
Plymouth and the 27th in all their glory. The boys who had bunks coming 
up are forbidden that pleasure now, so a dozen of us congregated together on 
the deck, outside the cabin , with shelter tents tacked up as roofs ; and we think 
we are having a better time than those inside, and no "sour grapes " in the mess 

February 9. — We managed to get clear of the Koanoke river some time in 
the night, but ran aground in the Sound at noon, thinking we were opposite 
Roanoke, but did not reach there till nearly night, when the officers went on shore 
while the steamer took on coal. The steamer which came out to us here was the 
" Halifax," recognized by many as the boat which was formerly on Charles river 
at home as a pleasure boat. She brought rumors of defeat at New Berne, and 
that we could not get up the river, so were going to Charleston, or Fort Munroe 
and the Potomac. But we kept on in the direction of Brant Isle and New Berne' 
just the same. 

February 10. — We have had nothing of interest to-day, except a very 
pleasant sail up the river, once in a while shooting at ducks ; but the officers 
soon stopped that fun. We arrived at New Berne about four o'clock in the after- 
noon, crossed the long bridge, marched through the city, and are once more in our 
old barracks. 


February 11. — Drill, drill, all day, lor a change. Our band has received 
the new pieces from Boston, and is now expected to shine. Among our many 
visitors from home is ex-Sergeant Wheelwright who came out on the schooner 
" Fry." He went on the Plymouth or '' Ham Fat" tramp, and took to foraging 
naturally. He stole a mule the first thing, but had to give it up to an officer. 
Next we saw him on a horse, which he managed to keep. He does not take kindly 
to quinine or hard-tack ; he likes the colonel's fare better. It is a mere matter of 
taste, though ! There is not much doing, except drilling and trying each day to 
be the cleanest company, as then we get off guard for twenty-four hours, the 
greatest inducement that could be offered us. We have succeeded in being both the 
dirtiest and cleanest. At the first inspection we thought we were clean, but a 
mouldy milk-can condemned us, and we had to furnish double guard, but since 
then have carried off the honors once or twice. 

February 24. — The time for the last two weeks has been used up with drill, 
quinine, and getting ready for the ball last night. It was ahead of anything yet. 
The partition between "D" and "E" was taken down, and about all day 
spent in fixing up our hall. The bunks were hidden by the shelter-tents festooned, 
and scrolls underneath, with the names of the officers on them. The card of the 
managers was as follows : — 



The pleasure of your company, with ladies, is respectfully solicited at a Grand 
Bal-Masque, to he given under the auspices of the 44th Regiment Dramatic Association, at 
the Barracks of Compauies D and E, 

On Monday Evening, February 23d, 1863. 

Floor Managers. 

illiam Howard, 

J. 15. Rice, Jr., 

Harry T. Reed 

Committee of Arrangements. 

Sergt. G. L. Tripp, Co. 



C. E. Tucker, Co 


" H. A. Homer, 


H. Howard, 


Corpl. Z. T. Haines, 


J. H. Waterman, 


" J. B. Gardner, 


A. H. Bradish, 


" J. W. Cartwright 


C. H. Demeritt, 


" M. E. Boyd, 


D. Howard, 


F. A. Sayer, 


E. L. Hill, 


Tickets, Ten Cents, to be had only uf the Managers. 
Masic by the New Berne Quadrille Band. Five pieces. 



1. March Lee's Quickstep. 

2. Quadrille Sullivan's Double Quick. 

3. Lancers Richardson's March, 

4. Contra Skittletop Galop. 

5. Redowa Odiorne's Choice. 

6. Quadrille Surgeon's Call. 

7. Polka Mary Lee's Delight. 

8. Contra Stehbins' Reel. 


9. Quadrille Ham Fat Man. 

10. Waltz Pas de Seul. 

11. Quadrille Dismal Swamp. 

12. Contra Friends at Home. 

13. Polka "Long Acre." 

14. Quadrille Dug-Out Race. 

15. Military Quadrille .... Newell's March. 

Generals Foster and Wessels, besides other officers of note, were there, and 
seemed to be much pleased. Some of the costumes were good. Deacon Foster 
(H. W. Johnson) walked about the barracks as natural as life. Patten, made up 
as a Howard-street Sport, was so good, that Capt. Richarson did not recognize him. 
Among others, Chum Ward showed to advantage as a lady, having borrowed a 
complete outfit for the occasion. 

Promenading and flirting wound up the affair about eleven o'clock. 

February 25. — A fine day, but a hard one for all. We were ordered out 
early, and marched across the city, over the long bridge, to the large plain, where 
we were reviewed by Gen. Foster, It was a splendid sight. About all that 
is left to Gen. Foster of the 18th Corps was on the field, — about 12,000 or 
13,000 men, including cavalry and artillery, and was the largest body of men we 
ever saw together ; but it was tiresome to us who did the marching, and we were 
glad to be in the old quarters again. 

February 28. — For the last two days we have had no drill out of doors, 
and very little guard. It has rained steadily. The "Dudley Buck" arrived 
yesterday with a large mail, and a lot of boxes have also made their appearance. 
We were mustered for two months' pay this forenoon, and in the afternoon, 
between the showers, began one of a series of base-ball games between men of the 
23d and ours ; but the rain postponed it to the dim future. We find our 
barracks just the thing this weather, much better than tents, and thank our stars 
and the United States Government for them. 

March 3. — Rain, and nothing but rain ; only the cleanest companies relieved, 
and we caught it again, and some of us are checked as extra guard. And now 
for the first time our regiment is broken. Two companies, " F " and " B," 
going yesterday on picket at Batchelder's Creek, a few miles out of New Berne, 


towards Kinston. We have been idle now quite awhile, and think it most time to 
be moved. Some say we are going as provost guard down town, but all we can do 
is to wait and take what comes. Frank Learned has been appointed corporal in 
place of Ramsey, who joined the band. 

March 5. — It has cleared up and is quite cold. We sent off a large mail 
this morning. Last night we came very near having our barracks destroyed. The 
funnel of one of the stoves dropped against the roof, igniting the boards, and as 
we had all turned in, it burned through the roof before it was discovered by a 
sentry. After burning a hole five feet square we mastered it, and turned in 

March 6. — To be noted. Our company was declared the cleanest company! 
Consequently no guard for us to-morrow. 

Notwithstanding our camp is quite sickly, xve have had no cases till now. 
Whitney was taken down suddenly while on guard on the night of the 4th. He 
was quite sick for a few days, but is now better, and we hope will be all right soon. 

March 8. — A little incident occurred yesterday, which is very gratifying to 
some of the boys, showing the confidence our captain places in their word, and 
what a narrow chance others of us had. Saturday is generally cleaning up day, 
and we iinderstood there was to be no battalion drill. At noon Sergt. White 
notified us that there would be a drill at half-past one o'clock p.m. Three or four 
of us happened to be close to the cook-house door, and of course cleared out. 
Robbins was outside and out of hearing ; we asked him to go with us, and he, 
being innocent of the order just promulgated, fell in. We put in no appearance 
till dress parade, but nothing was said till tattoo roll-call, when those who were 
absent were questioned. Robbins was the first victim, being nearer the right of 
the line than any of us. The question was, "Did you hear the order given by 
Sergt. White?" — " Ko, sir." — "Where were you ?" — "Outside the building, 
sir." Which answers were satisfactory. When the captain came a little short 
of the centre of the company and found another victim, the brilliant idea struck 
the culprit to say, " I was with Robbins, sir." (So he was, afterwards.) Robbins 
corroborated this, and the captain, not happening to ask if the order was heard, 
passed ; and one more was saved. It was a narrow escape, and perhaps the white 
part of the fib saved the guard-house a temporary boarder. 

March 13. — There has been nothing worthy of mention since the last date, 
excepting the heavy rain, till last night, when we had an opera, " II Recruitio," 
which was excellently rendered. Gen. Foster and lady, and other olficers and 
their ladies, attended ; the two barracks of "F" and "B" being filled from top 
to floor. 

March 14. — We were expecting a gay time to-day, it being the first anniver- 
sary of the capture of New Berne. It was reported that besides a review we were 
to have various salutes and plenty of beer. We were awakened about five 
o'clock by a salute, and, although we growled at the early hour, started out to see 
the fun. We soon found the saluting was done with shotted guns. Belger and 


Morrison were posted on the river bank, firing as fast as they could. The old 
"Hunchback," using her lOO-pounder, and a little farther down stream, the 
" Delaware " pegging away at the woods beyond the little fort where the 92d N. Y. 
Regiment was stationed, they firing also and the river alive with shot and shell 
from the rebels. We were immediately ordered out in " light marching order," 
and it looked as if our breakfast as well as our beer would get stale. 

Rumors were plenty. About ten o'clock it was reported that we were going 
across the river to relieve the troops there, but stayed quietly where we were, 
hearing everything and seeing very little. By four p.m. everything was quiet, and 
the company returned to barracks. A mail was distributed, and the boys are 
busy answering letters, for the boat leaves in the morning. 


March 15. — Sunday. Last night about supper-time, ten of Company E 
under command of Acting-Corpl. Emerson, were sent to Gen. Wessels as head- 
quarters guard, and after a severe night's duty in keeping the general's horses all 
right and his staff from straggling, were suddenly marched at " double quick " 
back to camp, to find the regiment packing and getting ready to start. We bade 
good-by to the old barrack after a hearty supper, and with flags furled and no 
music wended our way down town and aboard the steamer " Escort." Company 
E was stationed forward, and as it was dark we could see nothing, but found the 
soft places and turned in. We will miss Russell and his mule this trip, as he is 
on duty in New Berne and cannot leave. As we passed across Craven Street we 
saw him with his father, and bade them good-by, telling him to look out for 
what boxes might come. Not a very safe man, with his reputation as 2, forager^ 
to leave our boxes with ; but it is the best we can do. 

March 16. — When we were called to breakfast at seven this morning we 
found we were steaming down the river and just entering the Sound, After a 
pleasant sail, we arrived at the wharf at Little Washington about four p.m., and 
marched with colors flying and band playing, by Grist's, to the earthworks, where 
we busied ourselves in an entirely new occupation, — pitching our shelter-tents for 
the first time. It was done finally, and after a fashion of our own ; and now we 
are trying to write, but are bothered, as the gas is poor. 

March 17. — This morning while eating breakfast we were ordered to " Strike 
tents." We supposed it meant march, but found it was for symmetry, and we 
pitched them again in a more regular manner ; having the privilege of messmates 
sleeping together, with the understanding that in case of being aroused in the 
night we will take our places in line with promptness and snap. After fixing up 
tents, several of us took a stroll down town, visiting the earthworks. The town 
is of little account ; the earthworks interest us more. They consist of a line of 
breastworks, extending from the river below to the river above the town, two 
miles or more in length. At the centre of the line is a star fort of ten guns, and at 


about equal distances on the line are four blockhouses with one gun each. At 
the Greenville Road is stationed an old 32-pounder called " Aunt Sally," cracked 
and battered, and held to its carriage by ox-chains. They told us this gun was 
the key to the fortifications. 

March 18. — Had a thunderstorm and gale this evening which nearly destroyed 
our camp, but the tents stood it as well as could be expected. We had a brigade 
dress-parade to-day, and had a good chance to see the troops stationed here. 
They consist of eight companies of the 27th M. V., two companies N. C. troops, 
one of cavalry, and one of artillery, with Col. Lee in command ; in all about 
1200 men. (Our colonel's report, 18G3, to Adjt.-Geu. Schouler says the actual 
force was 1160 men). The parade was good, and after a dusty march, we found 
ourselves back in our tents again. We are wondering what we are sent here for. 
As yet we have seen no rebels, but watch the woods, supposing they are doing the 
same thing, waiting for us. 

March 19. — It has commenced to rain again, and we are in a fine condition, 
everything both in and outside the camp is in a damp state, with the wind con- 
tinually lifting one end or other of the tent ; but we eat our three meals after a 
fashion, and then turn in and sleep what we can, waiting for events. 

March 20. — One of the events came last night, or rather this morning at 
half-past four. " E" was ordered out and marched to the edge of the swamp, 
beyond Blockhouse No. 1, close to the river one side and the woods on the other, 
with water in front of us. It rained steadily, and we lay crouched against the wall 
of the building until it was too light for the rebels to surprise us ; then we were 
faced about and marched to our tents. At noon we moved again. This time the 
change is for the better. We are down town in a deserted store. It was owned 
by a rebel ; so we pulled down the counters and shelves, and soon had rousing 
fires. We don't know where the other companies are, but hope they have as good 
quarters as we are enjoying. We are told to expect an attack to-night, which 
expectancy is as common as "About this time look out for rain." Lieut. Newell 
told us to-day we might be in New Berne soon. A boat left to-day which took 
our mail. If it would only clear up, we had rather stay here than be at New 
Berne, as red tape, guard, &c., are of little account. 

The captain delivered a tobacco ration to-day. The question is, " Did he 
buy or forage it?" We don't want him to get demoralized yet. 

March 21. — Rained all night; we were ordered out at half-past four this 
morning, and remained under arms till the pickets were changed. We are 
detailed for picket to-night, so about all we intend to do to-day is to sleep. 

March 22. — We had a regular old-fashioned rain last night for a change. At 
ten P.M., in the dark and storm, we started from town ; marched about a mile 
and were posted around an old cart, a little way from the road. The company 
was divided, a squad taking the posts on each road, and two men sent to the rear 
on inside post. It was a hard night's duty, but came to an end at last, and at 
seven this morning we were relieved, and crawled back to town, finding our old 
store a palace. 


March 23. — A steamer came up this morning bringing a sutler. We made 
another move to-day, going back to our old place under the breastworks in 
our shelter-tents. Everything is vpet through and uncomfortable; but we 
acknowledge we are handier in case of trouble. It is rumored we are going North 
to guard prisoners, and that Capt. Richardson, of " A," goes to New Berne to-day. 
Another rumor is, we are going to Plymouth to have another trial at Rainbow 
Bluff, but we had rather stay here. This morning our captain distributed towels, 
soap, plates, and knives and forks to each man. How or where he found them 
we don't know, but would have saved him the trouble of purchasing, if he had 
mentioned where they were. A mail arrived to-day. 

March 25. — Yesterday it rained most all day, and the drills Col. Lee had 
inaugurated Monday have not amounted to much as yet. We played cards, 
read, wrote letters, and slept; so the day worried out. To-day we have been firing 
at a target for a change. It was on a couple of bread-boxes, one on the top of the 
other, in the field immediately in front of our breastwork. The target was small, — 
only two feet square, — but still a few hit it. 

March 2G. — No drills or excitement for two days, excepting a slight conflagra- 
tion yesterday. Millar's tent caught fire' and was destroyed ; and last night 
many more were blown down by a high wind, with plenty of rain. 


March 30. — It has rained nearly all this week, and until yesterday we have 
been loafing, trying to kill time. Last night our company was on picket again 
up the road towards Tarboro, coming in this morning about six o'clock. They 
had a most miserable time. Twitchell was sent to the hospital sick. A few of us 
were on guard here, so escaped picket duty. 

Gen. Foster arrived here this morning, and by noon Companies A and G, 
under command of Capt. J. M. Richardson of " A," with one howitzer, were 
tramping across the bridge towards New Berne on a scout. Those who could 
went to the water's edge to watch them. They were soon in action, meeting a 
force of rebels who handled them severely. Finding quite a strong force pro- 
tected by breastworks, they were ordered back, to give the "Louisiana " a chance 
to shell the woods. Capt. Richardson of "A" was wounded twice in the left 
arm. They left Sergt. Ilobart, Corp. Lawrence, and John Leonard of " G," who 
were taken prisoners. The rebels closed on them and carried them off. Several 
others were struck, but none seriously hurt. About every man at the head of the 
column was hit. Capt. Richardson was heard to say, " It is rough to go through 
what I have (five or six battles) without a scratch, and get hurt in this affair," 

March 31. — Last night about seven o'clock, as we were standing behind 
the breastworks looking towards the woods, we were startled by a flash, and 
heard a heavy report. The fort had opened fire upon the woods, the scene of our 



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picket duty. We were immediately under arms, and after a short march were 
halted at the edge of the town facing the fort. Here we stacked arms and waited. 
It rained all the evening, and the gun-boats kept up an incessant fire over our 
heads. We tried to sleep, but with little success. The house immediately behind 
us was full, so Robbins and myself crawled underneath for shelter. We awakened 
to find the regiment had moved. After diligent inquiry, and some walking, we 
found " E " in the Academy, where we passed the rest of the night. We left our 
quarters about noon, and moved to the breastworks at the left of the fort, where 
we heard that Gen. Hill had sent in a flag to the Colonel in command, demand- 
ing the surrender of the town. He must have been somewhat surprised to receive 
a reply from Gen. Foster, little thinking that he is here, and has no idea of 
giving up, at least on the first day. 

Our breastwork is about five and one-half feet high inside, one foot thick on 
top, and from ten to twelve feet thick at the base, with a ditch outside. In front 
the wood is cut away for the distance of a mile. We pitched our shelter-tents close 
under the breastworks, leaving room to stand between them and the works, and 
things began to look home-like again. How long it will last remains for the rebels 
to say. We have built a house for our officers, by taking a roof from a shed in 
town, and making it water-proof, or hoping it will be so, and banking it up with 
dirt. Not a very handsome edifice, but better than none. 

April 1. — April fool's day; but we have had no time to celebrate, for 
early in the day we were orderd to build a traverse. There has been cannonading 
all the afternoon between the gunboats and the battery down the river. 

April 2. — We worked all night on the traverse, which now looks hke some- 
thing; but it will take most of another day to finish it. Firing commenced about 
eight o'clock this morning, and has been continued at intervals all day. At four 
o'clock in the afternoon a detail of fifteen men from '' E," with spades and guns, 
were sent across the river, towards the ground where "A" and "G" had their 
skirmish. Three of us were sent out on the road as picket, while the rest built a 
breastwork across the road, not far from the bridge. The country here is about 
all swamp. As we face up the road, on our right the river makes in close to us ; 
in front is a creek about twelve feet wide, and on our left the swamp — said to be 
impassable. Beyond the creek, about an eighth of a mile up the road, we could 
see the rebel picket quietly smoking a pipe ; so Me did the same, but were soon 
disturbed by Gen. Potter, who came up and gave us orders not to expose ourselves 
to their sight, after which we lay down beside the road in the brush. We were 
relieved at dark by three men of "I," who said they were here yesterday, and 
heard from the rebel picket that the prisoners were doing well. Hobart was shot 
through the lungs, Leonard lost an eye, and Lawrence's wound was slight. The 
working party joined the company about seven o'clock. 

April 3. — Companies "I" and "E" are to alternate in furnishing what 
picket is needed across the river — about twenty men each day. Our party 
went over this noon. We had been up since three o'clock this morning, 


and manned the breastworks, but nothing came of it. The gunboats and 
Rodman's Point had a due], lasting till nearly five o'clock. As we went over the 
bridge at noon we could see about two miles down the river, and all was peace- 
ful — in looks. The outposts being placed, the rest of us spent our time pitching 
quoits with rings, which were found among the ruins of the old foundry (our 
camp), or crawled into the ovens and slept till six o'clock in the evening. 
Then we left camp : six on inside post, three on outside, and the balance at 
the breastwork. We do not like being away from the company, but day after 
to-mon-ow others will come over and we stay, changing work from picket to 

April 4. — Were relieved to-day about twelve o'clock by Company I, and 
moved to camp, where everything is as usual. The company have been hard at 
work on the trenches; and after resting a while, all turned out again, with spades 
as trumps, and at it we went. The " Ceres " run the blockade last night without 
being struck. The rebel batteries opened fire about dinner-time on Blockhouse 
No. 3. We were ordered to the breastworks, and the fort replied, making a fine 
noise for a little while. 

April 5. — Sunday. There is very little doubt but that we are surrounded 
and besieged. We have come down to very small rations (small enough before) 
of pork and bread, and no beef ; and limited to half a dipper of coffee at a meal, 
while the work is increasing, and hard Avork, too. This afternoon two companies 
of the 27th went down the river to occupy a battery which the boats had silenced, 
but when they arrived there they found it not so silent, and came back with the 
loss of two men. Capt. Richardson made us a present to-day of some good 
tobacco, which came acceptable enough, as we were about out. This has been a 
quiet day till about four o'clock this afternoon, when the gunboats and rebel 
batteries at Rodman's Point commenced firing ; but we feel none of it up here. 

April 6. — It is reported that Gen. Hill is a strong churchman, and will not 
fight on Sunday, which may be the reason we were not disturbed much yesterday. 
To-day we are still at work on our breastwork, sodding the top and leaving loop- 
holes to fire through. We cut our sods from the fields on the edge of the town, 
conveying them to the works in carts and on poles with boards laid on them. It 
is a change from digging, so we accept it. Our cavalry vidette was fired on twice 
last night about ten o'clock. 

April 8. — Yesterday, the outi30st of the picket across the river, from our 
company, had an excitement of a new character. Our corporal (Cartwright), who 
was at the outpost, leaving his rifle, advanced up the road toward the rebel picket, 
waving a handkerchief. lie was met by a squad of rebels under the command 
of a captain. Corpl. Jim gave himself up for Salisbury ; but with his accustomed 
nerve, was bound to face the music. He halted ; and the captain, halting his 
men, came forward, and the two sat on a log at the side of the road, talked 
over matters and things, and separated with mutual good feelings. Corpl. 
Cartwright heard from Hobart, who is not expected to live. Leonard and Law- 
rence will soon be well. After this affair was over (the officer of the guard coming 


up and finding the corporal gone), Cartvvright had to make a personal call on 
Gen. Foster, who, after reprimanding him for holding communication with the 
enemy, against special orders (a fact of which Cartwright pleaded ignorance), he 
was allowed to return to the company, where he concluded to remain for the present. 

A negro came in to-day reporting (so goes the story) that the enemy have 
30,000 men and forty pieces of artillery, and propose attacking us to-night or 
to-morrow morning. They have kept up a heavy fire most of the forenoon on the 
gunboats and Blockhouse No. 4. If that force is outside, and they propose to 
come in, they probably won't be disappointed, as we have only a force of 1200 
men, counting the negroes, besides the four gunboats, which carry about twenty- 
five guns all told, and we shall have to go to Salisbury if we do not have reinforce- 
ments soon. The Rodman Point battery has been firing most of the day, and a 
new battery has just been opened in the swamp nearly opposite where the 
" Louisiana'' lies, but it was soon silenced. The boys at Blockhouse 4 are using 
the unexploded rebel shells. 

April 9. — Aroused and ordered to the breastworks this morning at half- 
past three o'clock, and as usual nothing happened. "Our squad " is on picket 
for the next twenty -four hours, leaving camp at eight o'clock. The night relief 
turn in at the old foundry, and will have nothing to do but sleep till six o'clock 
in the evening. Some could not sleep. Tucker and Whitney left early, starting 
for a scout down the river, coming back late, wet and hungry, and having seen 
nothing. Allen and Pettingill started in another direction, and all they reported 
was the finding of a lot of cord-wood. 

April 10. — We had a rough time last night, Patten and myself being the 
outpost victims. The water flooded the road knee-deep, wetting us through ; but 
we knew no one could crawl upon our post without being heard, on account of 
the splashing they must make. We were bothered only twice duiing the night : 
once when the corporal of the guard (^lason) waded to us, found we were 
awake, and retreated in good order ; and again as we sat on the old ammunition- 
box, soaked through, we were disturbed by something crawling over our feet. I 
struck at it with my gun, but made no impression. AVe supposed it was a 
moccasin. We were relieved about six o'clock this morning by Company I. 
Lieut. Johnson left us in charge of Sergt. Parsons, aud we started for the breast- 
works. As we neared the fort, after leaving the town, we beheld a splendid 
sight, although it was an awkward position for us. The rebels seemingly have 
perfected their arrangements, for as we turned the brow of the hill they opened, 
and we had the pleasure of witnessing the first cannonade on this side of the 
town, and as we were directly behind the fort, we had a lively time in reach- 
ing the traverse. We could see the men beckoning, but did not know why. 
After repeated dodgings and rollings over, we reached the traverse, only to find it 
occupied by Company A, in command of Lieut. Coffin, who ordered us to " Move 
on !" We moved, although against our will, and at last found our own company, 
under a new traverse, nearer the fort. The boys had taken possession, aud were 


making much sport at our mishaps in getting in. Millar's face was actually 
radiant ; he was one of the lucky ones in getting in first. As he was corporal 
of the guard, we thought he should have stayed till the last, to see that we were 
all right, but he probably thought the last should be first in this affair. The 
company had had a hard time also, working nearly all night building the traverse 
with the bomb-proof behind it. Our tent was gone, and all our things scattered, 
but, after a deal of hunting, we found the remains, and proceeded to re-pitch. 
We worked all day enlarging our traverse and finishing our bomb-proof. The 
day all through was a hard one. Our captain must have felt flattered, it being 
his birthday ; and I don't believe he had a chance to count or think of his age on 
account of the constant salutes from all directions. That is the reason, probably, 
why Sergt. Parsons hurried us in this morning, that he might be on hand to 
participate with Capt. Richardson in his celebration. 

April 11. — Worked all night either on traverse or camp guard, or on " A's " 
traverse, "A" and "E" helping each other on both. Dr. Ware was buried 
to-day. lie died yesterday of fever brought on by overwork. He was an excellent 
surgeon, and highly esteemed by both officers and men. Gen. Potter's orderly 
has been outside with a flag of truce ; but we hear no particulars. The flag-staff 
in the fort was struck several times to-day. 

It is the rule to have a sentry at each end of the breastwork allotted to " E." 
Last night, the guard on the bomb-proof heard a noise about eleven o'clock, gave 
the alarm, and we were soon in line. We found the trouble arose from some 
outside picket, who got lost, and brought up against our breastworks. After 
some trouble, matters were arranged and we turned in again. What the man 
was doing so close in we have not discovered. Our traverse, being all done, will 
bear a slight description. Being on duty as picket the night it was built, I view 
it with different feelings from what the boys do ^Nho worked all night upon it, so 
can afford to write about it. It is at right angles Avith the breastworks, thrown 
up to a height of about fifteen feet. It is fully sixty feet long, about fifteen feet 
thick at the base, and six or seven feet at the top. We utilized the hole made by 
building this hill, by covering it with a strong roof, then covered that with sand 
a foot or two deep ; and as the Johnnies don't seem to use mortars, we feel toler- 
ably safe, having a roof over our heads, in case of a sudden flight of meteors. 
Rumors to-day that reinforcements left New Berne last AVednesday, and Ave live 
in hopes that they will reach us. 

April 12. — The rebels are getting a good range on our fort, and as we are 
in a direct line behind the fort from one of their batteries, we get what goes over 
them. AVe had been walking around outside the traverse, — even Gen. Foster was 
outside the fort, walking back and forth, probably thinking out the problem, — 
when about half-past nine o'clock we were brought to a realizing sense of our 
situation, for they opened on us " right smart," driving us all to the breastworks 
and bomb-proofs. One shell went through a tent, tearing up the ground where 
Sherman had just been sitting. The wooden shanty occupied by Sutton and Mann 

was demolished, m^ many others shcvkeu up. AVe learn that the rebels haY9 


been reinforced both below and higher up the " Tar," which sounds bad for us. 
All this forenoon the gunboats have been pitching into the batteries at Rodman's. 
Another rumor is, that our extra clothes and ammunition are aboard a schooner 
below. We need both. 

April 13. — We heard pleasant music last night, it being heavy firing in the 
direction of New Berne. It must be our reinforcements, whom we heard had 
been turned back from Swift's Creek. The battery at "Widow Blunt's " shot 
away our flag-pole, yesterday, but it was immediately repaired. "E's" men 
were on picket across the river, last night, and had a lively time, the outposts con- 
sisting of Clough and Robbins. The rebels posted a gun to bear either on 
the gunboat or bridge, taking, in its course, our picket ; and as soon as the 
"Louisiana" commenced shelling, the road Avas a sad place for a man who 
wanted to save his head. They got out of it all right, no one being hurt. One 
of the shots from the gunboat struck the old chimney, knocking bricks and mortar 
all over the reserve. Moanwhilo the " Widow Blunt " batteries were raining shot 
and shell at the fort, making it lively for the homeguard. 

April 14. — Heavy firing last night down the river, and about midnight an 
immense amount of cheering. We were all called out, but found the cheering 
was on our side. The " Escort " (an unarmed steamer), had rux the block- 
ade AT Rodman's Point, bringing up the 5th Rhode Island, COLONEL 
SISSON, which practically ends the siege, as we can probably send or bring 
vessels through the blockade any time. Robbins, Pierce, and myself have been 
detailed in the fort to-day, building a bomb-proof for Gen. Foster, but the fire 
from " Widow Blunt" was so lively we could do but little. We received a mail 
in the mC*l(^e, bringing about $25 to our mess, being the first for several weeks — 
it seems to us months. I immediately left my watch with a jeweller in the 27th, 
who was in the fort, and who repaired it while under fire. I now had the money 
to pay him, thanks to home folks. We have been so hard up that a day or two 
since I tried for the first time to borrow a dollar or two, asking even Capt. 
Richardson. When he showed me that his pocket-book held only about two 
dollars, I gave it up. To-day I ottered him some, when he showed me a bill 
which came by the same mail as ours. I think the full appreciation of the value 
of money will cling to us all, officers as well as men, in all future time. Our 
change of clothes came to-day, but in an awful condition. 

April 15. — "Our squad" on picket again across the river. As we were on 
the bridge this morning we saw the " Escort " steaming down the river, bound 
for New Berne, having Gen. Foster on board. We have had a pleasant day, but 
the water in the river is very high, consequently our camp and the road are 
flooded. When the dinner of boiled rice came, it took an extra amount of 
persuasion from the lieutenant of the guard, to make the man bring it to us, 
but he finally concluded to, and then had to carry it to the outpost. 

April 16. — When we arrived at the breastworks, this morning, we found 
" E " had been at work again. Strangers were at our old bomb-proof, and we 
had to hunt round some, but at last found the company had been assigned 


quarters in a good looking two-story house, close to Grist's mansion, owned by a 
Mr. Parmelee (probably no connection of the baker at the South End). Our things 
were in a decidedly second-hand condition ; in a pile under the front stairs. But 
•we find our quarters so much better than those we had at the breastworks, 
that we do not complain. The house is badly shattered by shot and shell, one 
having traversed the building from corner to corner, tearing floors and plasteriug 
to pieces. To get these quarters we had to promise to be up, and at the breast- 
works in three minutes. We took the chances, and promised, of course. 

While we were on picket last night we heard noises, which were unaccount- 
able, and reported them, on which a few shells were thrown into the swamp. At 
four o'clock this morning we heard the rebel drum beat for roll-call ; at five 
o'clock the bugle call for advance ; so we suppose the rebels have started. They 
came near to the creek, but it was so dark we could not make out much. We 
saw a man on a white horse at the picket post, as a lantern was in a position 
to throw a strong light on him. To-day Company I's picket advanced to the old 
earthworks, where Hobart, Leonard and Lawrence were taken, and found every- 
body gone from that side of the river. This forenoon, three companies, " C," 
" D " and " I " moved down the river to Hill's Point, which they are to occupy 
for the present. The following is the last order from Gen. Foster previous to his 
departure for New Berne : — 

Head-quarters, Washington, N. C, April 14th, 1863. 

Tlie cominandiug general anuouces to the garrison of this town that he is about to leave 
for a brief time the gallant soldiers and sailors of the garrison. 

Brig.-Gen. Potter will remain in command, and in him the commanding general has the 
most perfect confidence as a brave and able soldier. 

The naval command remains unchanged ; therefore that arm of the defence will be as 
effective and efficient as heretofore. The commanding general leaves temporarily and for 
the purpose of putting himself at the head of a relieving force, and, having raised the siege, 
expects soon to return. Bat, before leaving, he express to the soldiers under his com- 
mand, the 27th and 44th Mass. Vols., parts of the 5th New York Battery and 3d New York 
Cavalry, the 1st North Carolina Vols., his thanks for, and admiration of, tlieir untiring zeal, 
noble emulation and excellent courage, which has distinguished them during the siege of 
this port ; and he feels confident that the display of those qualities under Gen. Potter will 
hold the place until the siege is raised. (Signed) John G. Foster. 

April 17. — We had pleasant orders to-day, no more picket across the river ; 
only our breastwork guard, and only two at a time at that. This afternoon a party 
of us went to the river, by Grist's cotton store, and had a good swim, the first for 
a long time for some of us. 

April 18. — A jolly time last night; we tried to get up a good fire in our 
room and succeeded. We came very near setting the house in a blaze. After 
burning out the chimney and mantel-piece, we finally put it out, and the sergeant 
could not find out who did it. Another mail to-day, and on the same steamer, 
a part of the 43d. By our mail, we hear, some one wrote home that we had been in 


a severe all-day fight, and were badly whipped, having sixteen Cambridge boys 
killed and wounded. As there are only twenty-one Cambridge boys in the com- 
pany, it would leave a small margin for our friends to hope on ; and the chances 
of the Boston, Waltham and Watertown boys would have been small. Later 
news gave them a different version, although it was bad enough. We were 
enjoying ourselves last evening ; even some of the sergeants were out on the river 
fishing for eels, when we heard a shot ; a change came over us. The captain said 
we were at the breastworks inside of three minutes, where we lay down trying to 
get some sleep. Soon Sergt. Parsons came along the line, and picking out ten 
or eleven of the boys, started for Blackhouse No. 1, where we were joined by an 
equal number from Company B, 27th, and a negro volunteer. We cleared the 
breastworks, and pushed to the woods. After a diligent search for an hour, we 
were called in. We found that the cavalry picket had been fired on and wounded 
in the wrist. Coming in, two of us were invited to supper with the blockhouse 
boys. We accepted, of course, and as we were late in rejoining the company we got 
a scolding for not returning at once, but, considering the great temptation, we were 
let off easy. Capt. J. M. Richardson of " A" and our Lieut. Newell have started 
for New Berne. Lieut. Newell is not very well. Capt. Richardson of "A" is 
getting along fairly. 

April 19. — One of the pleasantest days of the season; reminding us of the 
June Sundays at home. We have nothing to do, and very little to write about. 
This noon, while a party wei-e on the roof of the house, we heard siiouting down 
town, and soon saw troops crossing the bridge. Knowing it was Gen. Foster and 
the relief from New Berne, we tried to get away to see them, but the guard would 
not let us go, so we had to stay at home. 

April 2L — We had a brigade dress parade yesterday afternoon, and to-day 
are cleaning up, preparing for embarking to-morrow. 


April 22. — We started early this morning on the " George Collyer," bound 
for New Berne, having on board, besides our regiment, a part of the 46th Mass. 
Vols., and are towing a schooner with the three companies from Rodman's 
Point. We were having a fine sail, when the orderly picked up four of us, and 
now we are on guard below, away from all chance of seeing what is going on. 

April 23. — We arrived at New Berne without special incident, about mid- 
night. The regiment immediately left for the barracks ; the lieutenant of the 
guard forgetting the poor guard on duty, so we, after one o'clock turned in, and 
had a good nap in the cabin, joining the company this forenoon, to find ourselves 
in the barracks formerly occupied by the 10th Connecticut. The barracks are 
not our own, and our boys are homesick ; but we have found lots of boxes and 


have had a glorious lunch of what remained of our good things. They had been over- 
hauled, and there is a sad discrepancy between the list and the contents of the boxes. 

ArRiL 25. — Yesterday was spent in getting ready for, and to-day in taking 
possession of, New Berne, as Provost-Guard. It was done in fine style, all the 
colors flying, and white gloves on. There are three general divisions. No. 1 is at 
Provost Head-quarters, No. 2 is at the Atlantic Railroad office, and No. 3 is on 
Pollock Street. About sixty men at each division, making the duty quite heavy. 
Our captain being officer of the guard ; the first time that honor has been assigned 
to a captain. We lose one of our best men to-day, Charles E. Tucker. We are 
sorry to have him go ; but he will be the gainer. He takes a command in the 54th 
Mass. Vols. Several of the men from the regiment go home when he does. We 
wish them luck, and rapid promotion. 

April 26. — Our quarters are excellent. We have three houses on Broad 
Street, not far from the river ; two of them are two stories, and the other a 
cottage. The company is divided ; apart in each house, having its own sergeant; 
and each room has its own mess. We have only one set of cooks ; so we come 
together three times in the day for our rations. We don't like the arrangements 
on some accounts, but we are in the best quarters we have had since leaving 
Boston, so we ought not to grumble. 

To-day we have been doing escort duty. Dr. Ware's body is to be sent 
North to his home, by the steamer " Terry." He died during the siege at Little 
Washington. He was a good man, and one of whom it may be truly said he 
" died at his post." Tucker goes home on the same vessel. Bowman is appointed 
corporal in Charlie's place. 

April 28. — Warm and rainy. Our guard is the same, however, rain or no 
rain. Most of our party are on the first district, distributed from the Gaston 
House door, round the wharves to the Provost Office. The posts are all easy 
enough, excepting those at the upper end of the town, near the camps. They are 
occasionally disturbed by runaways from the cavalry and artillery, who come down 
in the night without passes, and having no feeling for us, try to insist on passing 
where they have a mind ; consequently a few get picked up, and stay down town 
all night. 

Lieut. Cumston returned to duty to-day, having been away about four months, 
on detail with Brigade Ambulance Corps at Charleston ; and, of course, missing 
the nice cottage our officers had at Washington. 

April 30. — The weather is fine. Yesterday, we heard from the expedition, 
which left New Berne, lately, under Col. Jones, of the 58th Pennsylvania. They 
are near Kinston, only about four miles distant. They have had a skirmish, losing 
a few men. The " Escort " sailed North to-day. Our regiment was inspected 
this forenoon, at ten o'clock. 

May 2. — Received to-day four months' pay, and consequently will have a 
good time. The flies are getting too thick for us ; we kill them off by scattering 
sugar and powder on the table. When the flies are thoroughly entertained with 
the sugar, we set the powder on fire, and the 'enemy succumb. 




B L 


Mat 4. — The " Dudley Buck" has arrived with a large mail for us, which, 
with the four months' pay we received on the 2d, makes us happy indeed. Fancy 
goods have to suffer now. Our quarters are full of store truck; but very little 
will keep over night, it is so hot. 

May 1.5. — There is really nothing just now to write about It is getting 
terribly hot. We have our guard duty and drilling. There is a great sameness 
about the drill, but the guard duty gives us a change — one day here, the next 
at the other end of the town. A squad from our company, a day or two since, 
had to guard the sraall-pox hospital, not a very desirable locality ; but, as a com- 
pensation for that, on the other side of the street, close by, is the " Baltimore 
House," post 4. A short distance from the second district head-quarters is the 
graveyard, on which some of the boys dislike to stand, preferring the " hospital " 
or '• ]ialtimore." The other posts in this district are good, especially the one 
close to the Neuse, where they report negro dances most every night. To offset 
these, we have the head-quarters of Gen. Foster, post 12, where we have to be on 
our taps all day. 

In the 3d di.strict, there are two hard posts, 5 and 6 — the rest are easy. In 
the Ist district, there are no really bad ones, but some excellently lazy ones — 
being post 12, the bake-house, 9 and 29 tha wharves," and 6 at the produce wharf. 

Companies F and B have been home several daysL They say they had a 
fine time building breastworks, and doing general picket duty. 

May 26. — The expedition to Kinston resulted favorably for our side. They 
took a large lot of prisoners, who were sent to Fort Munroe to-day, Company F 
going as guard. Thermometer to-day only. lO^ ifi the shade. 

May 27. — Yesterday we performed escort duty at the funeral of Col. Jones, 
58th Pennsylvania Infantry. He was killed at Batchelder's Creek by a sharp- 
shooter. To-day General Foster has been advocating the idea of our re-enlisting 
in the new artillery regiment. Many probably will, but prefer going home first. 
Orderly White has left the company for a promotion, but will go home with us. 

May 31. — Yesterday, on account of the discharge of Sergt. White, there 
were made four other changes, none of which struck our mess. Our second 
sergeant (Homer) has been appointed first sergeant. Corporal Allen is now fifth 
sergeant ; and Ilight promoted to corporal. The petition came to Capt. Richard- 
son, signed by all the men ; it shows how popular Harry has been — as a private ; 
and Fletcher is appointed lance corporal. 

June 2. — W^e received two months' pay to-day. The company is full, all 
details having reported this forenoon, and Company F returning a day or two 
since, our regiment looks more as it did at first. 

June 4. — We are getting ready to start for home ; and shall probably move 
day after to-morrow, the 6th, But very little has been done to-day, except 
guard duty and dress parade, and preparing for a grand time Friday night. We 
have cleaned up the quarters, sold or boxed up our extra things to send home, 
and are waiting. 


June 6 — The boys fell into line this morning at seven o'clock, but being the 
last night in camp we did not get the usual amount of sleep, and this morning 
"we look anything but up to our usual standard. We finally started, taking on 
the old guard, who were relieved the last thing by the 27th Mass. Vols. We 
marched in review before Gen. Foster, thence to the depot, escorted by the 3d 
Mass. Vols. We went on board a train of open cars (similar to the ones on which 
we came up, eight months ago), and started in a rain ; not as severe, however, 
as what we had at that time. About ten o'clock we arrived at Morehead 
City, embarked on the " Guide," bound for Boston and home. The companies 
aboard the " Guide " are "A," "G," "H," "K," and "E," with staff, band 
and sick, excepting a few, who were too ill to be moved, whom we left at New 
Berne ; the only one of our company being Ed. M. Pettengill, who was taken 
down while on guard, Friday, and had to be carried to the hospital. The " Geo. 
Peabody" takes the left wing, "F," "B," " D," "C," and "I," and left while 
we were at the wharf. 

June 10. — After as pleasant a sail as could be desired by any one, we arrived 
in sight of Massachusetts, yesterday morning, steamed up the bay, arriving at 
Central Wharf about eight o'clock. A guard was immediately stationed across 
the wharf, to keep the boys from getting lost in the big city ! A few did get 
away, and run the risk. We were treated to a fine lunch, for which we were 
very grateful, by Messrs. Whall & Dyer, the fathers of Cliff, and George. 

After the usual preliminaries of being received by the escort, consisting of 
the N. E. G. Reserve, Mass. Rifle Club, Battalion National Guards, and Roxbury 
Reserve Guard, we moved up State Street, which was crowded with our friends; 
across the City to the Common, where, after some speaking by Mayor Lincoln, 
responded to by Col. Lee, we advanced upon our friends, and the tables at 
"double quick" for hand-shaking and lunch. We were then given a furlough 
till Monday, the 15th, when we were ordered to report at Readvilie, to receive our 
discharge. We started for the horse-cars (no more frogging for us), and by night 
most of us had had a good home wash, and a white shirt on for the first time for 
nine months. 

June 16. — Reported at Readvilie at sunset last night, and are in the quarters 
occupied by the 45th Regiment last Fall. We find notices posted up, allowing us 
about six hours' drill a day. We thought we were over all that. We are to have 
regular guard, why, we cannot imagine, but are looking anxiously for the muster- 
ing officer. 

June 18. — This diary has reached its limit. The company was disbanded 
to-day, with the rest of the regiment, and dismissed, probably forever. We have 
had our last drill, our last parade, our guns have been taken away, and we are a 
company only in remembrance of the time we were together. Now, each one is 
to take up his life, on his own individuality, and fight out his own fight for 
better or for worse. 





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The * represents members of "Co. E Associates." 

The uuraber over the name corresponds with that of the gun 
and the one in the group. 



Richardson, Hill & Co., 
40 Water Street, Boston, Mass. 



St. Joseph, Mo. 

Re-entered U. S. Service as first lieutenant, 5th Maas. Cav., December 29th, 1863 • 
promoted captain February 15th, 18C5 ; mustered out of service October 31st, 1865. 

Was in action at Bailor's Farm, Petersburg, and Richmond, Ta. From the surrender 
of Lee to time of muster out, was stationed in Texas. 

Second Lieutenant, 


Hallett & Cumston, 

1293 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Detailed as Chief of Ambulance Corps for General Stevenson's Brigade, to date from 

January 7th, 1863. Sp. Or. 75. 


Chester, New Hampshire. 


East Cambridge, Mass. 

Detailed as carpenter November, 1862. 


Re-ent«red the IT. S. Service, August, 1864, in Co. H, 6th Mass. Vols., for three 

months' service. Doing guard duty at Arlington Heights, Va., relieving the old troops for 

General Grant, and guarding prisoners at Fort Delaware, on the Delaware River. Meeting 

some there who were against us at Little Washington in 1863. They said they were formed 

ill line of battle three times to storm us, but did not know whv it was not done. 




Tillinghast, Allen & Co., 

Chicago, 111. 

Corporal until May SOth, 1863. 

5th sergeant for remainder of service. 



496 Broadway, New York City. 

Detailed as pioneer December 6th, 1862. 

Discharged for disability April 3d, 1863, per order General Foster. Left New Berne 
April 5th. Sat up for the last time July 5th, Died April 5th, 1864. Buried April 8th, 1864, 
at Waltham, Mass. 

62 Worth Street, New York City. 


413 Broadway, New York City. 



Stebbius, Grout & Co., 

90 Franklin Street, Boston, Mass. 



Ellis Station, Norwood, Mass. 




179 5th Avenue, Chicago, 111. 
Re-entered the U. S. Service as Second Lieutenant 55th Mass. Vols., February 11th, 
1864. Mustered out of service, June 27th, 1864. 



Charlestown, Mass. 


Detailed for garrison duty, December 2d, 1862, at Brice's Creek. 




No. 2 Prospect Street, Boston, Mass. 

Februarj' 13th, 18G3, detailed as carpenter, to date from November 24tb, 18(32. 



22 Exchange Place, Boston. 


Writes: That three weeks and a half after beinf^ mustered out of old Company E, 
44th Regiment, I was mustered in the volunteer service again as Second Lieutenant in the 
56th Mass. Vols. Infantry, and recruited my company from Boston, Worcester and New 
Bedford. On the organization of the regiment at Rcadville, Mass., I was commissioned 
First Lieutenant of Company C, Nov. 21st, and the regiment went to the seat of war, March 
21st, 1864, and was assigned to the Dth Army Corps, Gen. A. E. Burnside commanding. 

In May, we were ordered to the Aiiuy of the Potomac, and on May .^th, 6th and 7th, 
18()4, commenced our active campaign at the battle of the Wilderness. We were then in the 
following engagements : Spott.<!ylvania I'Jth and 18th, North Anna River, Cold Harbor, 
Peter.sburg, Weldon Railroad, JNline Explosion, Poplar Spring Church, Hatchers Run, siege 
of Peter.sburg and capture. Incidental to the campaigning, I would say, that at the second 
battle of Spott-sylvania Court House, ^lay 18th, 1864, I had the honor to command my com- 
pany, and the .service then rendered caused my promotion to captain for 'coolness and 
bravery in battle.' (I quote this expression from the ofticial announcement from the 
Adjutant-General's Office of this State, General Order No. 025, 18G4.) I mention this fact 
because it not oidy reflects credit upon the ofHcer, but honor upon the old comrades of Com- 
pany E, and its gentlemanly officers, more particularly as I had associated with me in that 
engagement two comrades of Company E, 44th Regiment, my sergeants, Merril F. Plimpton 
and Edwin A. Wallace, who were afterwards made officers. 

The date of my commission as captain was May 17th, 1864. Although there would 
naturally arise many incidents in a campaign of a very active nature, I will give you one 
more, because I was in command of my regiment at the time. 

Our regiment started early on the morning of April 1st, 1865, for the final charge at 
Petersburg, Va., Capt. Z. Adams and Capt. HoUis, senior to myself in command. These 
officers were both left in the rear, during the capture of rebel battery 27, by our regiment, and 
that left me in command, after the occupation of the rebel line. It was during this period 
that the enemy made a determined effort to recapture the line we were on ; they succeeded 
in driving all our troops to the right and left, and I held our position with 150 men of the 5Gth 
Mass. Regiment, assisted by the 5th Mass. Battery. I quote the words of the Adjutant- 
General's Report No. 7, for 1866, published in December. 

" On April 1st, 1865, the 56th Mass Regiment participated in the attack on Petersburg, 
Va. The regiment held for a long time the line of rebel works on the Jerusalem Plank 
Road, assisted only by the 5th Mass. Battery. All other troops were forced back and aban- 
doned the line, and had not the 56th Regiment held the key point with great tenacity, the 
rebels would have regained the whole line." 

We were relieved by the 61st Mass. Vols., and Duryea's Zouaves of New York, and 
Avon the day. Thi.s was the last engagement we were in. We were stationed at Burkeville 
Junction, guarding prisoners, the day Gen. Lee surrendered to Gen. Grant, and assisted in 
the parole of the Rebel army. 

I am happy to say that I received only a slight wound during this campaign, being hit 
by pieces of a spent shell on left hand and on right shoulder, neither of which did me injury. 
As a matter of record, I would say that the only officer that assisted me at the Spottsylvania 


affair was a Mth Eegimeut comrade, Second Lieut. John D. Priest, tlian whom no more 
excellent oflficer was connected with our regiment ; he received the same distinction as myself, 
being promoted to First Lieutenant for gallantry. He was killed in action, June 22d, 1864. 
Our regiment was mustered out of service, July 12th, 1865, after participating in the 
grand review of the army at Washington, I>. C, before the President 

Yours, James W. Caktwkight, 

Late Corporal Co. E, 44th Mass. Vols., and Captain Co. C, 56th Mass. Vols. 


Albany, New York. 


63 Chauncy Street, Boston, Mass. 

Saugus Centre, Mass. 
Detailed Jan. 2d, 1863, as hospital nurse, to date from December 22d, 1862, Special 
Order No. 64. 



Canaan, New Hampshire. 


Springfield, Illinois. 
Discharged for disability at Boston, Sept. 30th, 1862. 

1037 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 
Re-enlisted in the United States Service, November 20th, 1863, as Sergeant Company 
H, 3d Mass. Heavy Artillery. Mustered out of service, Sept. 18th, 1865. 


111 Worcester Street, Boston, Mass. 

Detailed December 2d, 18()2, for garrison duty at Brice's Creek, Special Order No. 35. 



Waltham, Mass. 

Arlington, Mass. 
Detailed as pioneer, December 6th, 1862. 



56 Franklin Street, Boston, Mass. 

Mackintosh, Green & Co. 
Left General Guide until we reached Little "Washington, March, 1863. 


130 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass. 

Appointed Lanoe Corporal, May "'Oth, 1863. 



41 Worth Street, New York City. 

Transferred from Company A, October 27th, 1.S62. 

Wassaic, New York. 
After our service in 1863 I obtained a position in the Commissary Department, under 
Capt. E. E. Shelton, of Boston, at New Orleans. From thence to Brownsville, Texas, as 
Post Commissary of Subsistence, where we remained until Gen. Herron evacuated the 
place. Thence to Baton Rouge, La., where I remained until the end of the war. After the 
war, I settled in New Orleans again, in the cotton buying bu.siness, with Gen. Herron. 
While there, I witnessed the riots of July 30th, 1866, and passed through the yellow fever 
epi<lemic of 1867, when upwards of 20,000 people were sick at once. 

Now I am settled ilnwn in this quiet village in the flour, feed and grain business. 



17 Tremont Row, Boston, Mass. 

10 Tremont Row, Boston, Mass. 
Appointed Corporal, May 30th, 1863. Re-entered the United States Service as Second 
Lieutenant in the 82d U. S. C. T., November 12th, 1863. Promoted First Lieutenant, Sep- 
tember 13th, 1864. Appointed Adjutant, November 2.5tli, 1865. Promoteil Captain, and 
assigned to Company A, June 4th, 1S()6. ilade Major by Brevet, the 3d of April, 1867, to 
date from the thirteenth day of April, 1865, " For gallantry at the siege and assault on Fort 
Blakeley, in April, 1865." Mustered out of service, September 16th, 1866. 


393 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

Detailed as wagoner, December 1st, 1862, Special Order 32. 



Second Sergeant. Promoted First Sergeant, ]May 30th, 1863. Re-entered the United 
States Service, April 22d, 1865, as Captain 19th Mass. Vols. Infantry. Mustered out of 
ser\-ice, June .30th, 1865. Died at Cambridge, December 1 1th, 1875. 



Agent McKee Eankin Troupe. 



40 Water Street, Boston, Mass. 

Discharged for disability, March 9th, 1863. 



Re-entered the United States Service in August, 1863, as Sergeant, Company F, 2d 
Battalion, 2d Mass Heavy Artillery. Commissoned Second Lieutenant 54th Mass. Vols. 
Sept. 30th, 1864 ; First Lieutenant, March 30th, 1865 ; Captain, July 17th, 1865. Final 
muster out August 30th, 1865. 

He writes : " My service in the Second Artillery was performed amid scenes familiar 
to the members of old Company E, as it was my fortune to be stationed at New Berne, 
N. C, in garrison at Fort Totten for several months, participating in the defence of New 
Berne at the time of its investment by Gen. Pickett, February, 18G4. 

April 29th, 1864, my company was ordered from Fort Totten to Fort Stevenson, 
situated on the Neuse River, some little distance to the front, from Camp Stevenson, the 
former home of the old 44th Regiment. 

Here I rejoined the company June 1st, 1864, having been on duty at Fort Totten, as 
Post-Sergeant-Major, since November 14th, 1863. Nothing worthy of note transpired to 
relieve the dull, monotonous routine of garrison life during the remainder of my connection 
with the company, from which I was discharged, to accept commission in the 54th Regiment 
Mass. Infantry, which regiment I joined at Graham's Neck, S. C, sharing the varied 
experiences in the march to, and occupation of tiharleston, garrison at Savannah, Ga., and 
subsequent service in South Carolina ; being for a large portion of the time on staff duty as 
Acting Assistant Adjutant General and Acting Aide-de-Camp. 

I will close with mention of one expedition 'of two brigades under command of Gen. 
E. E. Potter (whom Company E will remember in North Carolina), from Georgetown, S. C, 
to Camden and return, in April, 1865, resulting in several engagements with the enemy, and 
the destruction of twenty-eight locomotives, one hundred and twenty-one cars, three bridges, 
one railroad machine shop, one new turn-table, a large quantity of trestle work and railroad 
material, three hundred and fifty-four bales of cotton, several mills, and a large quantity of 

In the engagement of Boykin's Mills, April 18th, we lost First Lieut. E. L. Stevens, a 
former member of Company E, who, while in command of the skirmish line, was shot 
through the head, and died at his post of duty, with his face to the foe." 



Waltham, Mass. 



Naval Office, Custom House, Boston. 

Re-entered the United States Service as Captain's Clerk, in the Navy. Was on the 

"Albany" flagship of North Atlantic Squadron, Admiral Hoff. Took the United States 

Commissioners to Samana Bay, when that place was leased to the United States. Afterward 


served on the United States riagsliip "Congress," Coniinodore Greene, on same station ; 
was in the Navy about four years. 

Re-entered the United States Service as First Lieutenant, Company B, 18th U. S. C. T., 
Heceniber 7th, IWS. In the following April was transferred to Company I, and the regiment 
and another consolidated, and designated the 89th U. S. C. T., May 1st, appointed Judge 
Advocate on General George L. Andrew's staff, and soon afterwards was detailed Provost 
Marshal. Returned to his regiment July 19th, IHCA, serving with his company until his 
honorable discharge, August 10th, 18(14. He died at Boston, January 24th, IKGS. 



Post-office Box 1139, New York City. 

Appointed Corporal, March, 1803. 



104 Pearl Street, Boston, Mass., and Shreveport, Louisiana. 

Administrator (Alderman) of Shreveport for the years 180(5-1867. 



Died in Charlestown, September 23d, 1870. 



308 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 



Died at Boston, March 2.5th, 1872. 


614 North 4th Street, Camden, New Jersey. 

Detailed as carpenter, February 13th, 1863, to date from November 24th, 1862. 



East Cambridge, Mass. 



Mann & Beals. 

91 Huron Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 



291 Broadway, New l^'ork City. 





Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 



34 West Street, Boston, Mnss. 




83 1st Avenue, New York City. 

Waltham, Mass. 
Fifth Sergeant until November 2(1, 1862 ; Fourth Sergeant until May 30th, 1863; 
Third Sergeant for remainder of service. Acted as commissary and company clerk. 

22 and 24 White Street, New York. 



Killed in action at Rawle's Mill, North Carolina, November 2d, 1862. 



Re-entered United States Service as Sergeant in Fquadron H, 3d Battalion, 4th Mass. 

Cavalry, February 8th, 1864. The Battalion was at Hilton Head until May 12th. Thence 

to Newport News, and ihen was transferred to the department of Virginia and North 

Carolina. Engaged on picket duty till June 16th, 1864. Then " H " was ordered on scouting 

duty and courier service. August 16th, the whole command reported to Gen. Birney, 10th 

Army Corps ; August 24th, occupied position in front of Petersburg. When the Army of the 

James moved from winter quarters in March, 1865, "H" remained with the 25th Corps 

before Richmond, and were the first troops to enter the city, April 3d. The guidons of " H " 

and "D" being the first Union colors carried into Richmond, and raised by Union troops. 

Was mustered out of service with his regiment, November 26th, 1865. 

Died at Chelsea, January 21st, 1873. 

Died at Boston, July 3d, 1863. 



Savannah, Georgia. 

Writes : In August, 1863, 1 was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the 56th Regiment 

Mass. Vols., but was not mustered into service, as I wished to enter the Navy. In October, 

1864, was commissioned as Acting Assistant Paymaster in the Navy, and was, in November, 


attache 1 to the United States steamer " Chimo " (a torpedo boat, 4th class), Acting Master 
John Dutch commanding. In January, 18G5, proceeded to Brooklyn Navy Yard, thence in 
April, to Hampton Koads and Washington Navy Yard ; was detached in June, 18(55, 
ordered to Wasliington to settle accounts, and was honorably discharged in August, 18G5, 
receiving certificate and thanks of department on final adjustment of my accounts in 
January, IS&i. We were engaged in no fights ; the only smart thing we ever did, was as a 
guard by sea on a camp of rebel prisoners, about 20,000, on the day succeeding the night of 
President Lincoln's assassination, being the only gun-boat there for twenty-four hours — an 
uprising of the camp being momentarily expected. 



Company L, 5th United States Cavalry, Fort McPherson, Nebraska. 

Promoted Fifth Sergeant November 2d, 18G2, for bravery, at Rawle's Mill, N. C. ; 
Fourth Sergeant from May 30th, 18(53. 

He writes, under date of March, 1878 : Your letter came this morning, and in reply I 
would say, that I enlisted in New York on the 22d of February, 1873, in Comjiany L, 5th 
United States Cavalry; made a Corporal in 1874; promoted Sergeant in 1875; and re-enlisted 
February 22d, 1878, in the same company. 

I am first on the list of non-commissioned officers to be recommended for a commission, 
if the new bill passes Congress. 

Since 1 have been bore, 1 have been all over Arizona, and fought in nearly all the 
engagements with the Apaches, under Gen. Crooke. When he came to this department, he 
applied for, and got this regiment We have scouted for the last two years in the Black 
Hills country, and had a great many skirmishes and battles with the Sioux, Arrapahoes and 
(!heyennes. Our company has been twice to the Custer massacre ground, — once with Gen. 
Sheridan, when we escorted him all through the Big Horn Mountains, and once when we 
followed a large bodj'^ of Sioux north, to Powder River, where we had a fight for two days, 
and finally captured and killed all of Dull Ivnife and Crazy Horse's band, 900 ponies, and 
destroyed all their provisions. This was in November, 187(5. We have had a nmning fight 
with Sitting Bull for a month at a time, but never could make much out of it, as he was too 
strong. I cannot recollect all of what would interest you, but I remember all our good times 
in old Company E. This is a very exciting kind of life, and very healthy. Give my regards 
to all the fellows you see. Your friend and old comrade, 

M. A. Parsons. 



Denver, Colorado. 
Re-entered the United States Service December lllh, 1863, as Sergeant, Company I, 
2d Mass. Heavy Artillery ; promoted to Second Lieutenant Jan. 17th, 1865. Mustered out of 
service Sept. 3d, 1875. Was at second battle of Kinston, and did provost duty there after the 
surrender of Gen. Johnson to Gen. Sherman ; commissioned Second Lieutenant 54th Mass. 
Vols. February 22d, 1865, but was never mustered. 


45 Lispenard Street, New York City. 



Physician, 247 East 116th Street, New York City. 




53 Broad Street, Bostou, Mass. 


48 Congress Street, Boston, Mass. 
Writes : After being mustered out of service at Readville (not re-enlisting), I entered 
Harvard College, graduating in 1867. Then entered Harvard Law School, and finally com- 
menced practice in 1869. Was elected member of the Common Council of the City of Cam- 
bridge for the years 1873-'74: and '75, being President of the Council during 1874 and 1875. 
Elected Alderman for the City of Cambridge for the years 1876 and 1877, and am now- 
practising law at 48 Congress Street, Boston. 


Fitchburg, IMass. 
Writes : Re-entered the service Feb. 20th, 1864, as Sergeant, Company C, 56th Mass. 
Vols. ; commissioned Second Lieutenant, July 1st, 1865 ; mustered out July 12th, 1865, by 
Special Order 162, Head-quarters Department Washington, D. C. W^as in all the battles of 
Grant's campaign in Virginia,— W'ilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, North Anna River, 
all the battles in front of Petersburg, including the Mine Explosion, where I was wounded 
by a shell in the thigh, and by rifle ball in the hand ; was also in the battle when Petersburg 
was taken, the 56th being one of the first to enter the City ; was also in the immediate 
vicinity when Lee surrendered. 



In 1864 lived at Belmont, Mass. ; since then residence unknown. 


Waltham, Mass. 



400 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 


Dartmouth Street, Boston, Mass. 



Holyoke, Mass. 


Entered Band, March 1st, 1863. 

Died at Boston, INIarch oth, 1865. 




1 Hancock Street, Boston, Mass. 



Dyer, Taylor & Co., 

36 Chauncy Street, Boston, Mass. 

Color Cokporal. 


Physician, Westminster Hotel, New York City. Taken sick on steamer "Merrimac," 
October 24th, 18<j2. Discharged from Academy fJreen Hospital, January 12th, ISO'S. Re- 
ceived twenty ilays' furlough, February 28th, came to Boston and was discharged from the 
service, March 24th, 18G3. 


Re-entered United States service, February 18th, 1804, Company E, 57th Mass. Vols, 
promoted to Q. M. Sergeant. Was in the following battles: Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Road, Popular Spring Church and Hatchers 
Run. March 25th, 18G5, the regiment captured the Hag of the 57th North Carolina Intantry. 
Mustered out of service with regiment, July 30th, 1865. 



Second National Bank, New York City. 

Wounded in left arm, near shoulder, November 2d, 18(32, at Rawle's Mill, near 

Williamstou, N. C. January 8th, 1863, detailed as nurse in Hospital. January 14th detailed 

to report to Lieut. Goldthwaite, A. C. S. Discharged March, 1863 on account of disability. 

41 Commercial Wharf, Boston, Mass. 
Detailed in February, 18()3, as superintendent of wood to report to Capt. Straight. 
Returned to Company, April 25th, 1863. 

^villia:m sawyer. 

Residence unknown. 
Discharged for disability, Sept. 30th, 1862. 



35 Spring Street, Boston, Mass. 



Waltham, Mass. 



Waltham, Mass. 

Died ia Virginia, October 27th, 1873. 


Re-entered the United States service as Second Lieutenant, Dec. 16th, 1864. Pro- 
moted First Lieutenant, Dec. 16th, 1864. Killed in action at Boykin's Mills, near Camden, 
S. C, April 18th, 18G5, about a week after Gen. Lee surrendered. It is supposed he was the 
last man killed in the war; if so, Massachusetts gave the first and last offering to the rebel- 
lion. Ned was in Harvard College at the close of his Junior year, when "E " was recruited, 
but returned in 1863 ; as he wrote to his class secretary "Just in time to be present at Cam- 
bridge on Day. During the autumn of 1863, I studied and made up the studies of 
Senior year, passing my examination the last of October. I received my degree, Jan- 
uary, 1864. 

On November 12th, 1863, I commenced business in the store of Messrs. Sabin & Page, 
Boston, where I continued until March loth, 1864. I then left in consequence of being com- 
missioned in the 54th Mass. Vols. I leave Massachusetts to join my regiment now stationed 
in Florida, in a few days. My plans for the future are very unsettled. I shall probably 
remain in the army if life and health are spared me until the war is over. Heaven only knows 
what is before me; whatever it may be, I hope never to disgrace the class to which I am 
proud to belong, or the State which sends me to fight for the nation's life and freedom." 

The career of Lieut. Stevens after he joined the .54th Mass. Vols, is identical with the 
regiment. He was killed at the battle of Boykin's Mill, April 18th, 186.5, during an expedi- 
tion to Camden, under Brigadier-General Potter, which left Georgetown, April 5th, 1865. 
The following obituary was drawn up by his comrades, amoug whom were Tucker, Joy and 
Whitney of old "E." 

" He fell so near the enemy's works, that it was not deemed right to order any one for- 
ward to receive the body ; but men promptly presented themselves, on a call for volunteers 
for that duty. The body was recovered and buried near where he fell. Lieut. Stevens' 
death carried a more than ordinary sense of grief among his brother officers. He was 
respected and beloved by every one in the regiment. His simplicity and frankness of dis- 
position, his social and generous temper, combined with strong principles and an earnest 
devotion to what he believed just and right, made up an unusually pure and noble character. 
With perfect simplicity and modesty, he united firm convictions, and an unhesitating 
openness in avowing them. As an officer, he was efficient and faithful in the performance 
of his duties in camp, and fearless and daring in action; and though he disliked the military 
profession, and longed for peace and a return home, he had no thought of leaving the ser- 
vice uniil the success of the cause was decided. His comrades lament the loss of a brave 
soldier and a true friend and gentleman." [Vol. 2. Harvard Memorial Biographies.] 

Died at Boston, March 31st, 1869. 



500 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Maple Hill, Kansas. 
Third Sergeant until May 30th, 1863; Second Sergeant for remainder of service. 



Hudson, Mass. 
Detailed as pioneer, in place of Baldwin. 


59 Clarence Street, Boston, Mass. 

Detailed as wagoner, I )ecember 1st, 1.S62. Special Order 32. 

Portland, Maine. 

Corporal November 2d, 18(12. Discharged by order of Gen. Foster, April 26th, 1863, 
to take commission in the 54th Mass. A'ols. Second Lieutenant, May 13th, 1863; Captain, 
February ."5(1, 18G1. Final muster-out, August 20th, 1865. 

He writes: Upon being discharged from Company E, at New Berne, N. C, to accept 
commission in the 54th Regiment, I immediately proceeded North, and joined that regiment 
at Rea<lville, Mass., remaining with it during its entire term of service in South Carolina, 
Georgia and Florida, never being ab.sent on leave or for sickness, and participating in all the 
battles and skirmishes in which the regiment was engaged, among which are Fort Wagner, 
Siege of Charleston, Olustee, James Island, Honey Hill, and Boykin's Mills. 

In the assault upon Wagner, July 18th, 18<i3, I was wounded by a bullet from the fort 
going through my hat and cutting my head, notwithstanding which, I remained with the 
regiment, and when repulsed, I rallied about twenty men, under cover of a small sand 
hill, and waited to join a second charge, which was not made, however, and I retired with 
the men to within the picket lines. We loere the last men that came in from the assault. 

The most excitins incident in my soldier life, and one which tried my nerve more 
than any other, occurred during the night of the 11th of April, 1X<)5. On that day the regi- 
ment had been detached from the main column at Manchester, S. C, and ordered to Wateree 
Junction, to destroy railroad material, which we did very effectually, besides capturing a 
train of cars. Steam being up in the engine, and the train ready for use, we concluded to 
avail ourselves of the opi)ortunity of saving a hard march, and of taking the quickest method 
of rejoining the main body of troops. The men were speeililj- embarked, and I took the of engineer, and after proceeding a few miles we came in sight of a stretch of trestle- 
work bridge which was on fire. Knowing that any delay would be dangerous, and that life 
or death hung in the balance, I crowded on all steam, and we crossed the bridge through 
flame and smoke in safety, but with not a moment to spare; for scarcely had we accom- 
plished its passage when it tottered and fell a heap of blazing ruins. We rejoined the column 
at Singleton's plantation, on the Statesburg road, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon 
of the 12th. 

A week from this time, Lieut. E. L. Stevens, a member of old Company E, was 
killed in action at Boykin's JOlls on the 18th, and his loss was deeply felt by the whole 
regiment, as he had endeared himself to aQ, by his kind and genial disposition, courteous 
deportment, and soldierly bearing. 

During the time of performing garrison duty at Charleston, I was detailed as Provost 
Marshal, acting in that capacity until the muster-out of the regiment in August, 1865. 

Detailed as cook. 
Died at East Cambridge, February 21st, 1871. 




Fremont, Kansas. 



Everett, Mass. 



66 Chauncy Street, Boston, Mass. 

Re-entered the United States service Sergeant Company F, 5th Mass. Vols., August, 

1864, stationed at Fort McHenry, Maryland, on general guard duty. Mustered out of service, 

November 20th, 1864. 

Residence unknown. 
His subsequent military career has been kindly furnished by his Captain (Cart- 
wright). He re-enlisted in the autumn of 1863, in Company C, 56th Mass. Vols., was made 
Sergeant, and went with his company to the front, commencing active service at the battle 
of the Wilderness. He participated in the battles of Spottsylvania and North Anna Biver, 
at the latter place coming out of the engagement safely, but missing his comrade, Sergt.- 
Major Crowley, he went in search of him, but was surrounded by the rebels. He was 
carried to Bichmond, and thence to other prison pens, including that black hole of the Rebel- 
lion — Andersonville, Ga. He was exchanged at Millen, Ga., and joined our regiment before 
Petersburg, Va. He was promoted to First Lieutenant, and commissioned October 22d, 
1864. The only engagements he participated in were reconnoissance to Hatchers Bun, and 
the final attack at Petersburg, Va., where he behaved admirably, and reflected credit on 
himself and old Company E. He was mustered out of service honorably July 12th, 1865. 



Cambridgeport, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 
Discharged Sept. 30th, 1862, for disability. Served afterward under Gen. Cook, in the 



52 High Street, Boston, Mass. 

Whall, Macomber & Tolman. 



Discharged Sept. 30th, 1862. Went to the Army of the Potomac as Assistant Sanitary 

Agent, for the city of Roxbury, and served in that capacity about three months, until obliged 

to give up on account of sickness. February 9th, 1863, the Roxbury City Government 

passed a vote of thanks for that service. 

Early in January, 1863, I went with Mr. Gibbs in charge of schooner '' W. H. Frye" 
to New Berne, rejoined the 44th as volunteer and acted as Colonel's Orderly on the Plymouth 
or " Ham Fat " expedition. The day after the grand review, February 26th, 1863, was taken 


down with pneumonia, was sent to " Stanley" General Hospital, March 6th, and by March 
IGth was convalescent so as to be able to go North, This closed my army experience. 

66 Fulton Street, New York City. 
First Sergeant. 
Discharged May 30th, 18G3. Re-entered United States Service, June 4th, 18G3, as 
Second Lieutenant 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery ; promoted First Lieutenant, August 14th, 
1863. Discharged Jan. 7th, 1805, honorably. 

Council Bluff, Iowa. 

Re-entered the United States Service a.s Second Lieutenant 54th Mass. Vols. Decem- 
ber 4th, 18()4. Promoted to First Lieutenant, June 1865. Was acting Adjutant about three 
months. Mustered out August 20th, 1865. 

He writes: I was anxious to join my regiment as soon as pos.sible after receiving 
news of my appointment. Sailed from New York in the " Arago," in company with nine 
hundred bounty jumpers, desert<T.s, Sec, who were on their way to join Sherman's anny. 
There was plenty of liiiuor among them, which increa.sed the trouble. On the second morn- 
ing I was detailed a.s othcer of the day, and succeeding in finding the source of supply of 
the liquor in the fire-room, which supply being stopped, we finally restored order. 

On reaching Hilton Head, I found the "Nelly Baker" (well-known in Boston Harbor), 
just ready to leave for Beaufort ; there I could learn nothing of the .")4th, except that it was 
" up country," and learning from a quartermaster that the regiment was farther up on the 
other side, .started in the steady rain in a boat he loaned me. It was as dark as any night I 
ever saw when we reached the landing (a broken-down dock) ; when I had landed and the 
boat had dropped down .stream, I was alone in a strange country and in utter darkness. I 
managed to get off the dock and made my way to a shanty; here I found two men who gave 
me very indefinite directions as to where the 54th was. I struck out a marsh, and 
about every fifteen feet would bring up and feel round to find where the road, or more 
properly, the track had gone to. I then tackled a corduroy, which was varied by road with 
no corduroy, and in fact with no road. But after a while I reached camp and found Capt. 
Tucker and Lieuts. Stevens and Joy, and other old 44th boys, who gave me a warm recep- 
tion. There being no vacancy, I waited some time for an assignment, but upon the vacancy 
caused by the death of Lieut. Webster, I went to Hilton Head, leaving Pocotaligo Station 
the same time the regiment did. After getting my papers, and being mustered in at Hilton 
Head, I reached the regiment again after a long and hard tramp. I was in hopes of being 
placed in Charley Tucker's company, but was assigned to Company G, placed on picket on 
Sherman's extreme right and front, and moving towards Charleston, which place we reached 
in February, 1805. After being on the outskirts of Charleston a while, we were sent to 
Savannah, Ga., where I was soon detailed to act as Adjutant. We did not stay there long, 
but went to Georgetown, S. C. From there we made a raid into the State, as far as Camden. 
We had considerable skirmishing, and on the 18th of April lost Ed. Stevens, who was shot 
in the head. At Wateree Junction we captured a train of cars all ready to move, but came 
on the rebels so suddenly that they jumped out and ran. Lieut. Swails was wounded in the 
arm, and I rode on one of the engines to help him run it. There were five engines on the 
train, but only two had steam up. Capt. Tucker took charge of the other train. On our way 
back, we received notice, through flag of truce, of the cessation of hostilities, and reached 
Georgetown without opposition. Then we went to Charleston, and were quartered in the 


Citadel. In the meantime I had been promoted to First Lieutenant, and assigned to 
Company K ; and as there was no Second Lieutenant, and the Captain was acting as Pro- 
vost Judge, I was in command. Was ordered to Fort Johnson, James Island, to dismount 
guns. "Was relieved in July, and went to Mt. Pleasant. At that time I was ordered to take 
command of Company A, and " A " being entitled to the right of the line, I had the honor 
of marching at the head of the column, " up State Street," on the day of its reception. 



165 Broadway, New York City. 



9 Norton Place, Cambridge, Mass. 

Hallowell, Maine. 
He writes: I re-enlisted July 7th, 18()3, as private in the 12th Unattached Company 
Heavy Art'y- When the .3d Regiment Heavy Artillery was organized, was appointed Com- 
missary Sergeant, and June 25th, 1865, promoted to Second Lieutenant. Discharged the 29th 
of September, 1865. 

31 State Street, Boston, Mass. 





Scarcely had we been dismissed from the United States Service, when our 
services were demanded again to help suppress the draft riots in Boston. 

The regiment was ordered out on the 14th of July, 1863, " E " turned out 57 
men. Part were sent to Chickering's Factory, another squad to each, the West 
Boston, Federal and Dover Street bridges, at the corner of Dover and Washing- 
ton Streets, and at the Provost Marshal's in Sudbury Street, serving seven days, 
and being dismissed on the 2l8t of July. 


August 3d, 1863. — The jnembers of ^' E '! nqet at Parker's, and partook of 
our farewell supper. Nearly all were present; and had an enjoyable time. At 
this supper a committee was chosen, consisting of Capt. Richardson, Lieut. 
Newell, Sergt. Thayer and II. T. Reed, to hold and expend the balance of the 
Company Fund as might be needed by the men. The following is the " Company 
Song," by Harry T. Reed, to the air of Old Lang Syne : — 

Hail, joyous hearts! let hand and voice 

Proclaim us one to-ninht, 
And Union, ever be our choice, 
A Union true and brijjht. 

Loud let our merry laugh peal out. 

Let happy thoufihts resound, 

Our mothers know that we are out. 

And Provosts are not round. 

No more we cool oiu: aching feet 

In Carolina's soil, 
No more we drill, advance, retreat, 
In danger, blood, or toil. 

Fill high, sing loud, join hands, my boys. 

For on our festal day, 
In happy thoughts, 'mid present joys. 
We'll drive dull care away. 

The sharp reveille calls not here 

The watchworn from his rest, 

To-night we'll drink to mem'ry dear; 

Love crowns our banner crest. 

Then let our merry laugh ring out, 
Let happy thoughts resound. 
Our mothers know that we are out, 
And Provosts are not round. 


Now, comrades brave, the sacred past, 

Our future' s shadow be, 

In happmess we end at last 

This soldiers' company. 

Then sing the chorus loud and strong, 

Let heart and voice re-shout. 

For we are doing nothing wrong. 

And tajis are just jdayed out. 

Whatever fates our footsteps sway, 

As years their'laurels twine. 
We'll not forget this parting day, 
For Auld Lang Syne. 

For Auld Lang Syne, my boys. 
For Auld Lang Syne, 

We'll have a cup of kindness e'er, 
For Auld Lang Syne. 


On the 22d of December (Forefathers' Day), 1865, we met at Boylston Hall, 
and with the other companies proceeded to the Common. The procession started 
about eleven o'clock, headed by the escort, consisting of the Independent Corps 
of Cadets. The route was from the Common to Tremont Street, to Hanover, to 
Blackstone, to Clinton, to Commercial, to' State, to Washington, to Essex, to 
Harrison Avenue, to Dover, to Washington, to Union Park, to Tremont, to 
Pleasant, to Boylston, to Arlington, to Beacon, to the Common ; upon reaching 
the Common the colors were carried to the State House, and placed in care of the 
State, and we disnussed. 


In the latter part of January, 1872, circulars were sent to all members of the 
old company, whose addresses could be obtained, for a camp-fire, to be held at 
John A. Andrew Hall, Boston, on the 6th of February, which was attended by 
twenty-five men. 

We formed an association with the above name. The object of this associa- 
tion is : First, to renew friendships formed during our service ; Second, to 
raise a fund by which any needy members of " E " might be assisted. 


We have held annual re-unions each year since, on the second Thursday of 
each December, and propose to do so as long as we can muster a man. (One of 
our company stopped me on the street lately, and asked when the next meet- 
ing would come off; our last was his first, as he had been out of the State for ten 
years. He regretted having missed so many, and wished we could have them 
every six months till he could catch up). Our first president was Capt. 
Richardson, who was re-chosen in '73. Then George Russell in 74, '75 and '76, 
he refusing to be a third termist. At our last annual meeting the following 
officers were chosen for the succeeding year : — 

President, James B. Rice, Jr. 

Vice-President, James W. Cartwright. 

" GuLiAN 11. Van Voorhis. 

Secretary, John J. Wyeth. 

Treasurer, Clifton H. Whall. 

The Treasurer reported at this meeting the amount of cash on hand 
to be $226.64. Which includes the balance of Company E Fund held by 
Capt. Richardson, and was turned over to us in 1874. This amount has since 
been increased by about $36. Below is the detailed account of our Company Fund 
from its inception to the $23 passed to the Association, which has been kindly 
furnished by Capt. Richardson for your perusal : — 


Donation Hon . Horace Gray SIOO.OO 

J Murray Howe 100.00 

" Franklin King 25.00 

" Horatio Harris 20.00 

" William Cnmston 500.00 

" F. Skinner & Co 100.00 

" Gorham liogers 10.00 

" Through G. H. Roberts 100.00 


City of Boston Account Recruiting Expenses 96.00 

Company Savings September, 18(;2 $ 71.44 

October, " 105.50 

Kovember, " 82.25 

December, " 79.45 

January, 18G3 68.14 

February, " 148.06 

March, " 144.68 

April, " 159.80 

May, " 159.35 


Recruiting Expenses,Band, Posters, Banner, Advertising, &c. 

Knapsacks, 100 "Shorts." 

Lettering Knapsacks 

Company's Proportion of Band Expenses at Readville. ... 

Carried forward, $461.65 


Brought forward, $461,65 
Stove, Tinware, Bread, Milk, Provisions and Sundries at 

Readville 320.21 

Band Fund, Drummers' Trimmings and Gloves 33.55 

Thanksgiving, Expenses at New Berne 53.86 

Company's Proportion of Expense of Colors for Fifth Ehode 

Island Regiment 20.00 



Load wood 75c., Q. M. Bush $1.87, Sutler $2.23 .$4.85 

Stove, J. Lewis $18.00 ; Sutler Hunt's BiU $31.80 49.80 

q. M. Bush, extra rations, $7.00, Lantern $2.00 ,... 9.00 

Hinges for Ventilator $1.00, Use of Oven $1.50 2.50 

Paper and Printing $3.30, Stove Polish 30c., Leather $1.00. 4.60 

Nails, Brush, Comb and Glass $1.85, Onions $2.50 4.35 

Water-pails 75c., Planes $3.00, Tin-box Covers $3.00 6.75 

Fish $2.00, Potatoes $4 05, Tobacco $3.00, Broom 50c 9.55 

Oil 1.5c., Blacking and Brush $1.00, use of room $2.00 3.15 

Cleaning Ptooms .$.3.75, bill Q. M. $14.70 18 45 

Repairiug Stove $5.00, Sundries at Little Washington $2 30 7.30 

Condensed Milk 53.25 

Sugar $10.64, Coffee $8.50, Fish and Potatoes $3.40 22.54 

Dried Apples $3.60, Tripe $4.20, Q. M. Bush$1.00 8.60 

Hinges, Lock and Paper $2 15, Emery Cloth .$7.50 9.65 

Blacking 90c., Coffee 10c. , Cleaning and Whitewashing $6.75 17.65 

Expenses Entertainment ''D " and "E " 14.75 

Herrings, Pickles, &c 9.75 

Blacking, Brushes and Paper 3.00 

5 dozen Letters E 5.00 

Cleaning Quarters 2 25 

Lemons' $5.00, Cutting Hair $5.50, Cheese .$6.18 16 68 

Donation to Colored Boatman Washington 9.00 


Dibble & Co $160.62 

C. Hunt & Co 245 60 

J.Lewis&Co 18.00 

J. B. Steele & Co 45 80 

Lovejoy & Co 6.50 

H. D. Hawley & Co., Gloves 47.05 


Company Supper at Parker's 164.12 

Opening Armory Boylston Street and Advertising Pay 6 87 

On account Expenses T. L. Barnes 150.00 


U. S. Shortage on Clothing, &c 19.77 

Company E Associates Fund 23.65 



About the first of August, 1877, the writer (representing Company E in 
the 44:th Regimental Association), received a notification of a meeting 
of the Executive Committee, to be held at Col. Lee's office, Boston. At that 
meeting, eight companies being represented, it was voted to call a meeting of the 
Regimental Association, on Friday, August 17th, at 81 Franklin Street, to take 
into consideration the question of parading on the 17th of September, at the 


dedication of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, erected by the City of Boston 
in memory of those who laid down their lives in the slaveholders' rebellion. At 
the meeting of the Regimental Association it was unanimously voted to parade 
on the 17th of September. 

"E " did well at this parade, turning out twenty-one men. We formed at 
the head-quarters, 81 Franklin Street, about nine o'clock in the forenoon, in two 
platoons, single rank, the first platoon under command of Capt. Richardson in his 
old uniform. The second under Sergt. J. Fred Moore. The following men 
were on hand: Capt. S. W. Richardson, Acting First Lieut. J. F. Moore, G. H. 
Adams, W. R. Adams, Bowman, Clough, Currier, Derby, Dyer, Flagg, Magoun, 
Millar, Pettingill, H. T. Pierce, Pulsifer, Ramsay, Russell, Tower, Trott, 
Whall, Wyeth. From the head-quarters we marched to the Tremont Street Bridge, 
waiting an hour or so for the column to form, taking our place at last, and 
marching to the music of our old drum corps, who had kindly volunteered for 
the occasion, and had been practicing the old tunes for a week. The march was 
about eight miles long ; up Shawmut Avenue, as far as Roxbury, down Washing- 
ton Street to Summer, then across to State Street, where we had the pleasure of 
marching once more ; then by the City Ilall and State House — at the latter place 
marching in review by the Governor ; thence to Charles Street, past the Common 
where the dedicatory services to which we had been invited, had, to all appearances 
been held. Here Lieut. -Col. Cabot dismissed the 44th, probably for the last time, 
and " E," with the drum corps, took the Jirsl horse car for the " Commonwealth," 
where we arrived about 5 p.m., dusty and tired of course ; but well pleased with 
ourselves and with tire manner in which our friends had received us on the route. 
After a short rest, we betook ourselves to the dining-room, where a nice dinner 
awaited us, which we found no difficulty in mastering ; breaking up about seven 

And now, comrades of " E," although I know it is proper, for one who writes 
a book, to say all he intends to, of a direct personal nature, in the preface, I cannot 
put the final period to these " Leaves " without adding a word or two. 

Of course, each man had his own experiences, as well as ideas, perhaps totally 
different from mine, but as I received impressions then, I have embodied them 
now in this. Our short experience in the army, I think, did most of us good. 
Physically a few were injured, and in consequence have passed to their long home. 
Their stay with us will ever be fresh in our memory. 

The restraint we were under, and the discipline we received, though often 
irksome, taught us a lesson, which perhaps, we could not have learned otherwise, 
and will remain with us all our lives. 


We have forgotten the hard part, the rough edges have worn smooth, and we 
look ahead with much pleasure, each succeeding year, to our re-unions, where 
officers and men meet, and talk over old times, when we were " Boys of E." 

No. "34."